Underlying Beliefs Influencing Vietnamese Nurses and Doctors in Screening for Victims of Domestic Violence: An Exploratory Study


Many health professionals in Vietnam have limited knowledge and experience in coordinating care for victims of Domestic Violence (DV). This qualitative study aimed to elicit the beliefs of nurses and doctors that are influencing the care of victims of DV. Data were collected by semi-structured interviews with nineteen nurses and doctors. Data were analyzed by content analysis and organized by three main themes; behavioral beliefs, normative beliefs and control beliefs. The outcomes of this study will inform the development of intervention strategies that will enable health professionals to better respond to and manage care for women who experience domestic violence in Vietnam.

Share and Cite:

Nguyen, H. , Anderson, D. , Dunne, M. and Nguyen, H. (2014) Underlying Beliefs Influencing Vietnamese Nurses and Doctors in Screening for Victims of Domestic Violence: An Exploratory Study. Health, 6, 691-698. doi: 10.4236/health.2014.68090.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Krug, E.G., Dahlberg, L.L., Mercy, J.A., Zwi, A.B. and Lozano, R. (2002) World Report on Violence and Health. World Health Organization, Geneva.
[2] World Health Organization (2009) Combating Gender-Based Violence in the South-East Asia Region.
[3] Heise, L., Ellsberg, M. and Gottmoeller, M. (2002) A Global Overview of Gender-Based Violence. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 78, S5-S14.
[4] Ellsberg, M., Jansen, H.A.F.M., Heise, L., Watts, C.H. and Garcia-Moreno, C. (2008) Intimate Partner Violence and Women’s Physical and Mental Health in the WHO Multi-Country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence: An Observational Study. The Lancet, 371, 1165-1172.
[5] Luke, N., Schuler, S.R., Bui, T.T.M., Pham, V.T. and Tran, H.M. (2007) Exploring Couple Attributes and Attitudes and Marital Violence in Vietnam. Violence against Women, 13, 5-12.
[6] Nguyen, T.D. (2006) Prevalence of Male Intimate Partner Abuse in Vietnam. Violence against Women, 12, 732-739.
[7] Nguyen, D.V., Ostergren, P.O. and Krantz, G. (2009) Intimate Partner Violence against Women, Health Effects and Health Care Seeking in Rural Vietnam. European Journal of Public Health, 19, 178-182.
[8] Vu, M.L., Vu, T.H., Nguyen, H.M. and Clement, J. (2000) 24 April 2010). Gender-Based Violence: The Case of Vietnam. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTVIETNAM/Resources/Gender-Based-Violence.pdf
[9] Drummond, L. and Rydstrom, H. (2004) In Gender Practices in Contemporary Vietnam. Singapore University Press, Singapore City.
[10] The National Assembly of Vietnam (2007) Law on Prevention and Control of Domestic Violence.
[11] Krantz, G., Phuong, T.V., Larsson, V., Thuan, N.T.B. and Ringsberg, K.C. (2005) Intimate Partner Violence: Forms, Consequences and Preparedness to Act as Perceived by Healthcare Staff and District and Community Leaders in a Rural District in Northern Vietnam. Public Health, 119, 1048-1055.
[12] Fishbein, M. and Ajzen, I. (1975) Belief, Attitude, Intention and Behaviour: An Introduction to Theory and Research. Addison-Wesley Publishing Co, Inc., Boston.
[13] Gutmanis, I., Beynon, C., Tutty, L., Wathen, C.N. and MacMillan, H. (2007) Factors Influencing Identification of and Response to Intimate Partner Violence: A Survey of Physicians and Nurses. BMC Public Health, 7.
[14] Minsky-Kelly, D., Hamberger, L.K., Pape, A.D. and Wolff, M. (2005) We’ve Had Training, Now What? Qualitative Analysis of Barriers to Domestic Violence Screening and Referral in a Health Care Setting. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 5.
[15] Protheroe, L., Green, J. and Spiby, H. (2004) An Interview Study of the Impact of Domestic Violence Training on Midwives. Midwifery, 20, 94-103.
[16] Stinson, C.K. and Robinson, R. (2006) Intimate Partner Violence: Continuing Education for Registered Nurses. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 37, 58-62.
[17] Cann, K., Withnell, S., Shakespeare, J., Doll, H. and Thomas, J. (2001) Domestic Violence: A Comparative Survey of Levels of Detection, Knowledge, and Attitudes in Healthcare Workers. Public Health, 115, 89-95.
[18] García-Moreno, C. (2002) Dilemmas and Opportunities for an Appropriate Health-Service Response to Violence Against Women. The Lancet, 359, 1509-1514.
[19] Wong, T.W., Chung, M.M. and Yiu, J.J. (1997) Attitudes and Beliefs of Emergency Department Doctors towards Domestic Violence in Hong Kong. Emergency Medicine, 9, 113-116.
[20] Nguyen, V., Per-Olof, O. and Gunilla, K. (2008) Intimate Partner Violence against Women in Rural Vietnam—Different Socio-Demographic Factors Are Associated with Different Forms of Violence: Need for New Intervention Guidelines? BMC Public Health, 8, 1-11.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.