Trend and Periodicity Analysis in Rainfall Pattern of Nira Basin, Central India

DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2014.31006   PDF   HTML     5,443 Downloads   9,700 Views   Citations


Seasonal and annual rainfall data of the stations: Akluj, Baramati, Bhor and Malsiras stations located in Nira Basin, Central India, were analyzed for studying trend and periodicity using 104 years’ rainfall data. The analysis was carried out by using Mann-Kendall (MK), Modified Mann-Kendall (MMK) and Theil and Sen’s slope estimator tests describing rising trend at all the stations. However, it is statistically significant at Akluj and Bhor stations at 10% significance level. Bhor station showed the maximum increase in percentage change i.e. 0.28% in annual rainfall. Monsoon and post-monsoon seasonal rainfall shows a rising trend while the summer and winter seasonal rainfall shows a falling trend. Wavelet analysis showed prominent annual rainfall periods ranging from 2 to 8 years at all the stations after 1960s resulting in describing more changes in the rainfall patterns after 1960s.

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Murumkar, A. and Arya, D. (2014) Trend and Periodicity Analysis in Rainfall Pattern of Nira Basin, Central India. American Journal of Climate Change, 3, 60-70. doi: 10.4236/ajcc.2014.31006.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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