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Evaluation of Thermal Effect of PCM Wallboards by Coupling Simplified Phase Change Model with Design Tool

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DOI: 10.4236/jbcpr.2014.21002    5,645 Downloads   8,109 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

A simplified PCM wallboard model is coupled to an existing design-oriented model of multi-zone buildings. Using a reference model and a basic simulation configuration, the accuracy of the resulting PCM wallboard-building thermal design tool is evaluated. A new performance indicator, called PCM utilization factor, is then proposed in order to estimate the thermal efficiency of using PCM wallboards in buildings. Using this PCM Utilization factor and a degrees-hours indicator, the ability of the PCM wallboard-building thermal design tool to evaluate the effect of PCM wallboards on heating loads and summer thermal comfort in the early design phase of a project is examined in two real case studies: a family house project and an existing office building. The user-friendliness of this design tool, and the short calculation times it leads to when performing a year-long simulation using a standard office computer, make it a well-adapted tool for sensibility studies or multi-criterion optimization for buildings that contain PCM wallboards.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Guiavarch, A. , Bruneau, D. and Peuportier, B. (2014) Evaluation of Thermal Effect of PCM Wallboards by Coupling Simplified Phase Change Model with Design Tool. Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research, 2, 12-29. doi: 10.4236/jbcpr.2014.21002.

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