Influence of Lime and Phosphorus on Growth Performance and Nutrient Uptake by Indian Spinach (Basella alba L.) Grown in Soil


A pot experiment was carried out to determine the effect of lime and phosphorus on the growth and nutrient uptake by Indian spinach (Basella alba L.) on an acidic soil. The experimental soil was amended with four levels of lime (0, 500, 1000 and 2000 kg CaCO3 ha-1) and phosphorus (P) (0, 50, 100, and150 kgP ha-1) and their combinations. The results showed that lime and P applied separately or in combination had significant (P < 0.001) effects on growth parameters (height and number of leaves), fresh and dry weight of shoot and root and N, K and Ca uptake by Indian spinach. Combined application of lime and P gave a better result than the separate application of lime and P. Application of 2000 kg·ha-1 lime plus 150 kg P ha-1 had higher uptake of N, K and Ca and better morphological characters that eventually resulted in greater yield compared with other treatments. The results revealed that lime and phosphorus could be used in combination to improve growth performance and nutrient uptake when plants grown in an acidic soil.

Share and Cite:

Sarker, A. , Kashem, M. and Osman, K. (2014) Influence of Lime and Phosphorus on Growth Performance and Nutrient Uptake by Indian Spinach (Basella alba L.) Grown in Soil. Open Journal of Soil Science, 4, 98-102. doi: 10.4236/ojss.2014.43013.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Yuan, T.L., Robertson, W.K. and Neller, J.R. (1960) Form of Newly Fixed Phosphorus in 3 Acid Soils. Soil Science Society of America Proceedings, 24, 447-450.
[2] Mandal, L.N. and Khan, S.K. (1972) Release of Phosphorus from Insoluble Phosphatic Materials in Acidic Low Land Rice Soils. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 20, 19-25.
[3] Ranjit, R., Dasog, G.S. and Patil, P.L. (200) Effect of Lime and Phosphorus Levels on Nutrient Uptake by Groundnut Genotypes in Acid Soils of Coastal Agro Eco System of Karnataka. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 20, 631-633.
[4] Nicholaides, J.J., Sanchez, P.A. and Buol, S.W. (1983) Proposal for the Oxisol-Ultisol. Network of IBSRAM, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, 16.
[5] Oguntoyinbo, F.I., Aduayi, E.A. and Sobulo, R.A. (1996) Effectiveness of Some Local Liming Materials in Nigeria as Ameliorant of Soil Acidity. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 19, 999-1016.
[6] Fageria, N.K., Zimmermann, F.J.P. and Baligar, V.C. (2010) Lime and Phosphorus Interactions on Growth and Nutrient Uptake by Upland Rice, Wheat, Common bean and corn in an Oxisol. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 18, 2519-2532.
[7] Fageria, N.K. (1984) Response of Rice Cultivars to Liming in Certado Soil. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, Brasilia, 19, 883-889.
[8] Friesen, D.K., Juo, A.S.R. and Miller, M.H. (1980) Liming and Lime-Phosphorus-Zinc Interactions in Two Nigerian Ultisols. I. Interactions in the Soil. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 44, 1221-1226.
[9] Walkley, A. and Black, I.A. (1934) An Examination of Degtjareff Method for Determining Soil Organic Matter and a Proposed Modification of the Chromic Acid Titration Method. Soil Science, 37, 29-33.
[10] Soil Survey Laboratory Staff (1992) Soil Survey Laboratory Methods Manual. Soil Survey Laboratory Investigations Report No. 42, USDA-SCS, Washington DC.
[11] Bouyoucos, G.J. (1962) Hydrometer Method Improved for Making Particle Size Analysis of Soils. Agronomy Journal, 54, 464-465.
[12] Minitab. Inc. (1996) Minitab User Guide Release 11. Minitab, State College.
[13] Megdoff, F.R. and Bartlett, R.J. (1980) Effect of Liming Acid Soils on Potassium Availability. Soil Science, 129, 1214.
[14] Doddamani, V.S. (1975) Effect of Liming Materials on the Yield and Uptake of Added Calcium by Groundnut in Two Acid Soils of Karnatka. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore.
[15] Patil, P.L. and Ananthanarayana, R. (1989) Effect of Lime Level as Indicated by Different Methods on Soil Properties. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2, 273-380.
[16] Fageria, N.K. (1983) Ionic Interactions in Rice Plants from Dilute Solutions. Plant Soil, 70, 309-316.
[17] Ananthanarayana, R. and Perur, N.G. (1972) Effect of Liming on Nutrient Uptake in Ragi and Nutrient Status of Soil. Current Research, 11, 97-98.
[18] Sudhir, K. (1983) Ca-Mg-K Interrelationship in Soils and Crop. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore.
[19] Patil, P.L. (1986) Studies on Lime Requirement of AcidS of Uttara Kannada District, Karnataka State. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.