X-Ray Analysis by Williamson-Hall and Size-Strain Plot Methods of ZnO Nanoparticles with Fuel Variation

DOI: 10.4236/wjnse.2014.41004   PDF   HTML     15,935 Downloads   22,640 Views   Citations


In this paper, a simple and facile surfactant assisted combustion synthesis is reported for the ZnO nanoparticles. The synthesis of ZnO-NPs has been done with the assistance of non-ionic surfactant TWEEN 80. The effect of fuel variations and comparative study of fuel urea and glycine have been studied by using characterization techniques like X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and particle size analyzer. From XRD, it indicates the presence of hexagonal wurtzite structure for ZnO-NPs. Using X-ray broadening, crystallite sizes and lattice strain on the peak broadening of ZnO-NPs were studied by using Williamson-Hall (W-H) analysis and size-strain plot. Strain, stress and energy density parameters were calculated for the XRD peaks of all the samples using (UDM), uniform stress deformation model (USDM), uniform deformation energy density model (UDEDM) and by the size-strain plot method (SSP). The results of mean particle size showed an inter correlation with W-H analysis, SSP, particle analyzer and TEM results.

Share and Cite:

Prabhu, Y. , Rao, K. , Kumar, V. and Kumari, B. (2014) X-Ray Analysis by Williamson-Hall and Size-Strain Plot Methods of ZnO Nanoparticles with Fuel Variation. World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering, 4, 21-28. doi: 10.4236/wjnse.2014.41004.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Hu, J.T., Odom, T.W. and Liebe, C.M. (1999) Chemistry and Physics in One Dimension: Synthesis and Properties of Nanowires and Nanotubes. Accounts of Chemical Research, 32, 435-445.
[2] Annapoorani, R., Dhananjeyan, M.R. and Renganathan, R. (1997) An Investigation on ZnO Photocatalysed Oxidation of Uracil. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 111, 215-221. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1010-6030(97)00170-6
[3] Huang, W.-J., Fang, G.-C. and Wang, C.-C. (2005) A Nanometer-ZnO Catalyst to Enhance the Ozonation of 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol in Water. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 260, 45-51.
[4] Sánchez, L., Peral, J. and Domènech, X. (1996) Degradation of 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid by in Situ Photogenerated Fenton Reagent. Electrochimica Acta, 41, 1981-1985.
[5] Chen, B.J., Sun, X.W., Xu, C.X. and Tay, B.K. (2004) Growth and Characterization of Zinc Oxide Nano/Micro-Fibers by Thermal Chemical Reactions and Vapor Transport Deposition in Air. Physica E, 21, 103-107.
[6] Nakata, Y., Okada, T.and Maeda, M. (2002) Deposition of ZnO Film by Pulsed Laser Deposition at Room Temperature. Applied Surface Science, 197, 368-370.
[7] Yoo, Y.-Z., Jin, Z.-W., Chikyow, T., Fukumura, T., Kawasaki, M. and Koinuma, H. (2012) S Doping in ZnO Film by Supplying ZnS Species with Pulsed-Laser-Deposition Method. Applied Physics Letters, 81, 3798.
[8] Li, Y.J., Duan, R., Shi, P.B. and Qin, G.G. (2004) Synthesis of ZnO Nanoparticles on Si Substrates Using a ZnS Source. Journal of Crystal Growth, 260, 309-315.
[9] Yang, X.-L., Dai, W.-L., Chen, H., Cao, Y., Li, H.X., He, H.Y. and Fan, K.N. (2004) Novel Efficient and Green Approach to the Synthesis of Glutaraldehyde over Highly Active W-Doped SBA-15 Catalyst. Journal of Catalysis, 229, 259-263.
[10] Ramakanth, K. (2007) Basic of Diffraction and Its Application. I.K. International Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Dehli.
[11] Zhang, J.-M., Zhang, Y., Xu, K.-W. and Ji, V. (2006) General Compliance Transformation Relation and Applications for Anisotropic Hexagonal Metals. Solid State Communications, 139, 87-91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2006.05.026
[12] Suranarayana, C. and Norton, M.G. (1998) X-Ray Diffraction: A Practical Approach. Springer, New York.
[13] Rogers, K.D. and Daniels, P. (2002) An X-Ray Diffraction Study of the Effects of Heat Treatment on Bone Mineral Microstructure. Biomaterials, 23, 2577-2585.
[14] Nye, J.F. (1985) Physical Properties of Crystals: Their Representation by Tensors and Matrices. Oxford, New York.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.