Examining the Role of Brazilian Navy before Alcohol Intake in the Workplace

DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.52016   PDF   HTML     3,879 Downloads   5,041 Views   Citations


This article presents some of the results of a qualitative research conducted at the Center for Chemical Dependency (CEDEQ) of Brazilian Navy, a specialized outpatient clinic for substance abuse, in order to investigate the role of this institution in the construction of the military patients’ alcoholism. A participant observation was carried out in two treatment groups, during 24 sessions, in 2010. In addition, individual open-ended interviews with 13 patients were carried out after each group session. According to their narratives they tend to believe that the institution both stimulates and prohibits the consumption of alcohol on board, an ambivalent position that contributes to the production of alcohol addiction in these individuals. As a result, the incorporation of standards of conduct related to alcohol consumption throughout their military career was observed, creating drinking patterns, especially drinking with colleagues of their military units, which we named alcoholic habitus.

Share and Cite:

Halpern, E. & Leite, L. (2014). Examining the Role of Brazilian Navy before Alcohol Intake in the Workplace. Psychology, 5, 104-108. doi: 10.4236/psych.2014.52016.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Alcoholics Anonymous. (1996). O grupo de AA: Onde tudo comeca. Sao Paulo: JUNAAB.
[2] Boudon, P. (1998). L’abduction et le camp semiotique. In G. Brunel (Ed.), Le tiers communicationnel: Communication, legitimation, abduction (pp. 255-284). Montreal: Harmattan.
[3] Bourdieu, P. (2007). O poder simbolico. Rio de Janeiro: Bertrand Brasil.
[4] Brant, L. C., & Minayo-Gomez, C. (2005). Suffering and its destines in working management. Revista Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 10, 939-952. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232005000400017
[5] Brasil (1980). Lei no 6.880, de 9 de dezembro de 1980. Dispoe sobre o Estatuto dos Militares. Rio de Janeiro: Servico de Documentacao da Marinha.
[6] Douglas, M. (1987). Constructive drinking: Perspectives on drink from anthropology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[7] Fainzang, S. (2007). Curar-se do alcool: Antropologia de uma luta contra o alcoolismo. Rio de Janeiro, Niteroi: Intertexto.
[8] Fossey, E., Harvey, C., McDermott, F., & Davidson, L. (2002). Understanding and evaluating qualitative research. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 36, 717-732.
[9] Halpern, E. E., & Leite, L. M. C. (2011a). The construction of the alcoholic habitus and alcohol consumption in the workplace among military patients of Brazilian navy. Cadernos de Saúde Coletiva, 19, 56-365.
[10] Halpern, E. E., & Leite, L. M. C. (2011b). Deciphering the meanings of navy ethylic behaviors of military patients. Boletim de Psicologia, 61, 177-191.
[11] Halpern, E. E., & Leite, L. M. C. (2012). The “cooked crab” uniform and the “branquinha”: Life narratives of a military alcoholic patient. Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho, 15, 65-80.
[12] Halpern, E. E., & Leite, L. M. C. (2013). The connection between sailors’ duties and alcoholism. Revista Psicologia: Organizacoes e Trabalho, 13, 111-126.
[13] Halpern, E. E., Ferreira, S. M. B., & Silva Filho, J. F. da. (2008). The effects of the labor situations in the construction of the alcoholism of the Brazilian’s navy military patients. Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho, 11, 273-286.
[14] Halpern, E. E., Leite, L. M. C., & Silva Filho, J. F. da. (2010). Drinking on board: Learned tradition. Antropolítica: Revista Contemporanea de Antropologia e Ciência Política, 28, 151-176.
[15] Malinowsky, B. (1922/1984). Argonauts of the Western Pacific. Illinois: Waveland Press Inc.
[16] Minayo, M. C. S. (2006). O desafio do conhecimento: Pesquisa quailtativa em saúde (9th ed.). Sao Paulo: Hucitec.
[17] Minayo, M. C. S., Deslandes, S. F., & Gomes, R. (2007). Pesquisa social: Teoria, metodo e criatividade (26th ed.). Petropolis, RJ: Vozes.
[18] Peirce, C. S. (1935). The collected papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, volumes V and VI: Pragmatism and pragmaticism and scientific metaphysics. C. Hartshorne, & P. Weiss (Eds.), Massachusetts, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
[19] World Health Organization (1993). Classificacao de transtornos mentais e de comportamento da CID-10. Descricoes clínicas e diretrizes diagnosticas. Porto Alegre: Artes Medicas Sul.
[20] Yin, R. K. (2005). Case study research: Design and methods. New York: SAGE Publications Inc.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.