Microbial Loads and Physicochemical Characteristics of Fruits from Four Saudi Date Palm Tree Cultivars: Conformity with Applicable Date Standards

DOI: 10.4236/fns.2014.54038   PDF   HTML     5,210 Downloads   7,070 Views   Citations

Abstract

The conformity of Saudi dates cultivars to date standards has not been studied extensively. In this study, microbial loads and physicochemical characteristics of four Saudi date cultivars (Sukkary, Khalas, Sugai and Anbara) were determined. Anbara cultivar had significantly higher mould and yeast counts than recommended under Saudi technical regulation and standards for packaged whole dates. Moisture content and insect damage for all studied cultivars fell within Codex standards. Single fruit weight for pitted and unpitted dates was higher than recommended under international standards. Date cultivar had a significant effect on fruit color thus fruit color should be included in Saudi technical regulation and standards for date grading.

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S. Aleid, B. Hassan, S. Almaiman, S. Al-Kahtani and S. Ismail, "Microbial Loads and Physicochemical Characteristics of Fruits from Four Saudi Date Palm Tree Cultivars: Conformity with Applicable Date Standards," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 5 No. 4, 2014, pp. 316-327. doi: 10.4236/fns.2014.54038.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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