Effects of Dietary Green Rooibos on Physical Endurance in Swimming Mice

DOI: 10.4236/fns.2014.52016   PDF   HTML     3,025 Downloads   4,187 Views  

Abstract

Green rooibos made from unfermented rooibos leaves contains high amounts of aspalathin. Dietary green rooibos is expected to increase physical endurance and decrease physical fatigue, because aspalathin has antioxidant activity and stimulates glucose uptake in muscle tissue. The aim of this study was to validate the effects of green rooibos and aspalathin by using a swimming mouse model. Dietary green rooibos and aspalathin tended to increase swimming time in mice. This beneficial effect might be induced by increased glycogen accumulation in the liver and skeletal muscles.

Share and Cite:

N. Watanabe, Y. Hara, S. Sakuda, Y. Mori, Y. Furuya and T. Watanabe, "Effects of Dietary Green Rooibos on Physical Endurance in Swimming Mice," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 5 No. 2, 2014, pp. 127-131. doi: 10.4236/fns.2014.52016.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] L. Bramati, F. Aquilano and P. Pietta, “Unfermented Rooibos Tea: Quantitative Characterization of Flavonoids by HPLC-UV and Determination of the Total Antioxidant Activity,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 51, No. 25, 2003, pp. 7472-7474.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf0347721
[2] D. Villano, M. Pecorari, M. F. Testa, A. Raguzzini, A. Stalmach, A. Crozier, C. Tubili and M. Serafini, “Unfermented and Fermented Rooibos Teas (Aspalathus linearis) Increase Plasma Total Antioxidant Capacity in Healthy Humans,” Food Chemistry, Vol. 123, No. 3, 2010, pp. 679-683.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2010.05.032
[3] G. P. Novelli, G. Bracciotti and S. Falsini, “Spin-Trap- pers and Vitamin E Prolong Endurance to Muscle Fatigue In mice,” Free Radical Biology and Medicine, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1990, pp. 9-13.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0891-5849(90)90138-9
[4] A. Kawano, H. Nakamura, S. Hata, M. Minakawa, Y. Miura and K. Yagasaki, “Hypoglycemic Effect of Aspalathin, a Rooibos Tea Component from Aspalathus linearis, in Type 2 Diabetic Model db/db Mice,” Phytomedicine, Vol. 15, No. 5, 2009, pp. 437-443.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2008.11.009
[5] B. M. S. Giambastiani, “Evoluzione Idrologica ed Idrogeologica Della Pineta di San Vitale (Ravenna),” Ph.D. Thesis, Bologna University, Bologna, 2007.
[6] M. J. Son, M. Minakawa, Y. Miura and K. Yagasaki, “Aspalathin Improves Hyperglycemia and Glucose Intolerance in Obese Diabetic ob/ob Mice,” European Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 52, No. 6, 2013, pp. 1607-1619.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-012-0466-6
[7] M. Tashiro, “An Introduction to Practical Biochemistry,” Kagaku-Dojin Publishing Company Inc., Kyoto, 2006.
[8] O. Wright and W. Wright, “Flying-Machine,” US Patent No. 821393, 1906.
[9] A. Shinohara, M. Suzuki, J. Takakura and A. Yamane, “Effect of the Classic 1-Week Glycogen-Loading Regimen on Fat-Loading in Rats and Humans,” Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology, Vol. 56, No. 5, 2010, pp. 299-304. http://dx.doi.org/10.3177/jnsv.56.299
[10] J. A. De Araujo, G. Falavigna, M. M. Rogero, I. S. O. Pires, R. G. Pedrosa, I. A. Castro, J. Donato and J. Tirapegui, “Effect of Chronic Supplementation with Branched- Chain Amino Acids on the Performance and Hepatic and Muscle Glycogen Content in Trained Rats,” Life Sciences, Vol. 79, No. 14, 2006, pp. 1343-1348.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2006.03.045
[11] G. Falavigna, J. Alves de Araújo Jr, M. M. Rogero, I. S. Pires, R. G. Pedrosa, E. Martins Jr, I. Alves de Castro and J. Tirapegui, “Effects of Diets Supplemented with Branched- Chain Amino Acids on the Performance and Fatigue Mechanisms of Rats Submitted to Prolonged Physical Exercise,” Nutrients, Vol. 4, No. 11, 2012, pp. 1767-1780.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu4111767
[12] R. D. Novaes, R. V. Goncalves, I. R. S. C. Maldonado, M. D. C. G. Peluzio and A. J. Natali, “3,4-Dihydroxycin- namic Acid Attenuates the Fatigue and Improves Exercise Tolerance in Rats,” Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, Vol. 76, No. 5, 2012, pp. 1025-1027.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1271/bbb.111006
[13] Y. You, J. Park, W. Jun, H. G. Yoon, Y. H. Lee, K. Hwang, J. Lee, K. Kim, K. W. Lee and S. Shin, “Stimulatory Effects of Ferulic Acid on Endurance Exercise Capacity in Mice,” Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, Vol. 73, No. 6, 2009, pp. 1392-1397.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1271/bbb.111006
[14] V. D. M. K. Debora, J. Elizabeth, M. Marena, C. A. G. Wentzel, J. Elizabeth, D. B. Dalene, J. M. Christiaan and C. A. G. Wentzel, “In Vitro Hepatic Biotransformation of Asparathin and Nothofagin, Dihydrochalcones of Rooibos (Aspalathus linearis), and Assessment of Metabolite Antioxidant Activity,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 58, No. 4, 2010, pp. 2214-2220.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf903917a

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.