Synthesis of 4-Phenylphthalonitrile by Vapor-Phase Catalytic Ammoxidation of Intermediate 4-Phenyl-o-Tolunitrile: Reaction Kinetics

DOI: 10.4236/mrc.2014.31002   PDF   HTML     2,176 Downloads   3,716 Views   Citations

Abstract


Kinetic regularities of 4-phenyl-o-tolunitrile ammoxidation on V-Sb-Bi-Zr/γ-Al2O3 oxide catalyst in the temperature interval 633 - 673 K have been studied. It has been established that rates of conversion of 4-phenyl-o-tolu- nitrile into the aimed 4-phenylphthalonitrile and CO2 are described by half-order equation on concentration of substratum and to be independent of the oxygen and ammonia partial pressures. It has been revealed that formation of 4-phenylphthalimide from byproducts is due to hydrolysis of 4-phenylphthalonitrile; carbon dioxide is produced by oxidation of 4-phenyl-o-tolunitrile and decarboxylation of 4-phenylphthalimide, and 4-phenylben- zonitrile is produced from 4-phenyl-o-tolunitrile and 4-phenylphthalimide.


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G. Bagirzade, D. Tagiyev and M. Manafov, "Synthesis of 4-Phenylphthalonitrile by Vapor-Phase Catalytic Ammoxidation of Intermediate 4-Phenyl-o-Tolunitrile: Reaction Kinetics," Modern Research in Catalysis, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2014, pp. 6-11. doi: 10.4236/mrc.2014.31002.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

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