Tolerance of Urochloa brizantha cv. MG5 to Mn Toxicity

DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2013.38044   PDF   HTML   XML   5,003 Downloads   6,222 Views   Citations


Available information of the effects of manganese nutrition on the forage genus Urochloa is scarce. In the context, this study aims to evaluate the tolerance of Urochloa brizantha cv. MG5 to Mn toxicity. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse at the University of the State of Sao Paulo (UNESP) in the city of Jaboticabal, SP. Plants were cultivated in vases (3.5 L) filled with soil according to a completely randomized experimental design comprising of five levels of Mn (0, 15, 30, 60 and 120 mg?dm?3) and four replications and cut in two periods: one is 42 days after sowing and the other is 30 days after the first one. Samples from both cuts were evaluated as to plant height, number of leaves and tillers, dry weight, Mn content and accumulation, and the green index was determined in the last cut. Manganese addition to soil caused an increase in chlorophyll content at the dosage of 68 mg?dm?3 observed in the second plant cut. Dosages of Mn above 15 mg?dm?3 did not induce increases in nutrient accumulation and in the number of leaves in the first and second cuts of the grass, and tillers in the first cut. The highest concentrations of manganese in the shoots did not produce visual symptoms of damage or a decrease in forage productivity demonstrating that Urochloa brizantha cv. MG5 has high tolerance to manganese toxicity.

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V. Cavalcante, G. Caione, L. Souza, R. Prado and A. Wamser, "Tolerance of Urochloa brizantha cv. MG5 to Mn Toxicity," Open Journal of Soil Science, Vol. 3 No. 8, 2013, pp. 379-383. doi: 10.4236/ojss.2013.38044.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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