Share This Article:

Tide variation and signals during 2000-2004 in the northern Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:199KB) PP. 1264-1271
DOI: 10.4236/ns.2013.512154    2,537 Downloads   3,558 Views   Citations
Author(s)    Leave a comment

ABSTRACT

Variations of tide and mean sea level (MSL) were studied during the period August 2000-March 2004 in the northern Gulf of Aqaba to detect the seasonal differences of tide records and tide components signals. The study revealed seasonal cycle of the MSL in the northern Gulf, which was lower during summer than in winter due to the relative strong wind and higher evaporation during summer. The MSL during the year of 2003 Fwas the lowest comparing to the other years duing the study period which might be related to wind driven force and mixed layer depth. The statistical comparison analysis of the MSL among winters, springs and summers of the years 2000- 2004 exhibited significant difference values (p < 0.0001) among springs and summers, whereas no significant differences among winters (p ~ 0.1) were manifested. Power spectrum analysis of the MSL revealed six distinguished signals with different periods that four of these signals (12.36, 6.19, 4.12 and 1.01 h) were superimposed by seiches in both the Gulf of Aqaba for the first mode and the Red Sea for the second and third mode with the principle harmonic components. The signals of 23.87 and 8.44 h are basically a lunisolar diurnal partial tide (K1) and a lunar terdiurnal constituent (M3), respectively.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Manasrah, R. (2013) Tide variation and signals during 2000-2004 in the northern Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Natural Science, 5, 1264-1271. doi: 10.4236/ns.2013.512154.

References

[1] Manasrah, R. and Badran, M.I. (2008) Inter-annaul variation in the seawater thermohaline structure in the northern Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Dirasat Pure Sciences, 35, 123135.
[2] Manasrah, R., Badran, M., Lass, U. and Fennel, W. (2004) Circulation and winter deep-water formation in the northern Red Sea, Oceanologia, 46, 5-23.
[3] Al-Rousan, S., Al-Moghrabi, S., P?tzold, J. and Wefer, G. (2003) Stable oxygen isotopes in Porites corals monitor weekly temperature variations in the northern Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Coral Reefs, 22, 346-356.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00338-003-0321-6
[4] Anati, D.A. (1974) Water transports in the gulf of Aqaba. L’Oceanographic Physique de la Mer Rouge, CNEXO, 2, 165-173.
[5] Assaf, G. and Kessler, J. (1976) Climate and energy exchange in the Gulf of Aqaba. Monthly Weather Review, 104, 381-385.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1976)104<0381:CAEEIT>2.0.CO;2
[6] Hulings, N. (1989). A review of marine science research in the gulf of Aqaba, Marine Science Station.
[7] Manasrah, R., Zibdah, M., Al-Ougaily, F., Yusuf, N. and Al-Najjar, T. (2007) Seasonal changes of water properties and current in the northernmost Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Ocean Science Journal, 42, 113-116.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF03020878
[8] Manasrah, R. (2002) The general circulation and water masses characteristics in the Gulf of Aqaba and northern Red Sea. Meereswissenschaftliche Berichte (Marine Science Report), 50, 1-120.
[9] Berman, T., Paldor, N. and Brenner, S. (2002) The seasonality of tidal circulation in the Gulf of Elat (Aqaba). Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 52, 11-19.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1560/G72J-CYHM-D202-FJY2
[10] Bogdanova, A.K. (1974) Indirect estimation of the seasonal variation of the water exchange through Bab El Mandeb. Center National Pour L’exploitation des Ocean, CNEXO, 2, 253-265.
[11] Defant, A. (1961). Physical oceanography. Pergamon Press, New York.
[12] Pond, S. and Pickard, G.L. (1983) Introductory dynamical oceanography. 2nd Edition, Pergamon Press, Oxford.
[13] Neumann, G. and Pierson, W. (1966) Principles of physical oceanography. Prentice Hall.
[14] Monismith, S.G. and Genin, A. (2004) Tides and sea level in the Gulf of Aqaba (Eilat). Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, C04015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2003JC002069
[15] Berman, T., Paldor, N. and Brenner, S. (2000) Simulation of wind driven circulation in the Gulf of (Aqaba). Journal of Marine Systems, 26, 349-365.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0924-7963(00)00045-2
[16] Tomczak, M. and Godfrey, J. (2003) Regional Oceanography: An introduction. 2nd Edition, Daya Publishing House.
[17] Sofianos, S.S. and Johns, W.E. (2001) Wind induced sea level variability in the Red Sea. Geophysical Research Letters, 28, 3175-3178.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2000GL012442

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.