Share This Article:

Study of the Adsorption Efficiency of an Eco-Friendly Carbohydrate Polymer for Contaminated Aqueous Solution by Organophosphorus Pesticide

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:1077KB) PP. 16-28
DOI: 10.4236/ojopm.2014.41004    4,698 Downloads   7,469 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The removal of pesticide (ethoprophos) from aqueous solution using a natural biosorbent such as chitosan (CH) prepared from a biopolymer waste obtained from marine industry was studied. The Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD) were used to study the structure of the adsorbent. The biosorption studies were carried out under various parameters, such as biosorbent dose, initial pesticide concentration and contact time. The experimental results show that the removal percentage of ethoprophos increased from 85.693% to 89.234%, as adsorbent dose (CH) increased from 0.02 to 0.1 g/100ml. The equilibrium uptake was increased with an increase in the initial pesticide concentration in solution. Biosorption kinetic data were fitted well with the pseudo-second order kinetic model. The experimental isotherms data were analyzed using Freundlich, Langmuir, Temkin and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) isotherm equations. The best fit was obtained by Freundlich isotherm with high correlation coefficients. That the value of energy calculated from the D-R isotherm was 5.56 KJ/mol suggests the adsorption of ethoprophos on Chitosan is physical. All the results indicating CH was chosen as low-cost biosorbent could be applied for the removal of organophosphorous pesticide from aqueous solutions.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Abdeen, Z. and G. Mohammad, S. (2014) Study of the Adsorption Efficiency of an Eco-Friendly Carbohydrate Polymer for Contaminated Aqueous Solution by Organophosphorus Pesticide. Open Journal of Organic Polymer Materials, 4, 16-28. doi: 10.4236/ojopm.2014.41004.

References

[1] Environment Agency, “The Annual Report of the Environment Agency Pesticide Monitoring Programme, Envi- ronment Agency,” 2002.
[2] G. Akcay, M. Akcay and K. Yurdakoc, “Removal of 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid from Aqueous Solutions by Partially Characterized Organophilic Sepiolite: Thermodynamic and Kinetic Calculations,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 281, 2005, pp. 27-32.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2004.08.080
[3] R. A. Rebich, R. H. Coupe and E. M. Thurman, “Herbicide Concentrations in the Mississippi River Basin—The Importance of Chloroacetanilide Herbicide Degradates,” Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 321, 2004, pp. 189-199.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2003.09.006
[4] International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), “Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity: An Updating of IARC Monographs,” Vol. 1-42, No. S7, WHO, Lyon, 1987.
[5] A. Derylo-Marczewska, M. Blachnio, A. W. Marczewski, A. Swiatkowski and B. Tarasiuk, “Adsorption of Selected Herbicides from Aqueous Solutions on Activated Carbon,” Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, Vol. 101, 2010, pp. 785-794.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10973-010-0840-7
[6] H. H. Philip, E. M. Michalenko, W. F. Jarvis, D. K. Basu, G. W. Sage, W. M. Meyland, J. A. Beauman and D. A. Gray, “Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure Data for Organic Chemicals,” Vol. III, Lewis, Chelsea, 1991.
[7] M. Ugurlu and M. H. Karaoglu, “TiO2 Supported on Sepiolite: Preparation, Structural and Thermal Characterization and Catalytic Behaviour in Photocatalytic Treatment of Phenol and Lignin from Olive Mill Wastewater,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 166, 2011, pp. 859-867.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2010.11.056
[8] J. Gong, C. Yang, W. Pu and J. Zhang, “Liquid Phase Deposition of Tungsten Doped TiO2 Films for Visible Light Photoelectrocatalytic Degradation of Dodecyl Benzenesulfonate,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 167, 2011, pp. 190-197. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2010.12.020
[9] H. Katsumata, T. Kobayashi, S. Kaneco, T. Suzuki and K. Ohta, “Degradation of Linuron by Ultrasound Combined with Photo-Fenton Treatment,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 166, 2011, pp. 468-473.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2010.10.073
[10] T. Zhou, T.-T. Lim, S.-S. Chin and A. G. Fane, “Treatment of Organics in Reverse Osmosis Concentrate from a Municipal Wastewater Reclamation Plant: Feasibility Test of Dvanaced Oxidation Processes with/without Pretreatment,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 166, 2011, pp. 932-939.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2010.11.078
[11] H. M. Rajashekara Murthy and H. K. Manonmani, “Aerobic Degradation of Technical Hexachlorocyclohexane by a Defined Microbial Consortium,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 149, 2007, pp. 18-25.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.03.053
[12] L. J. Banasiak, B. Van der Bruggen and A. I. Schafer, “Sorption of Pesticide Endosulfan by Electrodialysis Membranes,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 166, 2011, pp. 233-239.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2010.10.066
[13] M. I. Maldonado, S. Malato, L. A. Perez-Estrada, W. Gernjak, I. Oller, X. Domenech and J. Peral, “Partial Degradation of Five Pesticides and an Industrial Pollutant by Ozonation in a Pilot-Plant Scale Reactor,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 38, 2006, pp. 363-369.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.05.058
[14] A. H. Al-Muhtase, K. A. Ibrahim, A. B. Albadarin, O. Alikhashman, G. M. Walker and M. N. M. Ahmad, “Remediation of Phenol-Contaminated Water by Adsorption Using Poly (Methyl Methacrylate) (PMMA),” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 168, 2011, pp. 691-699.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2011.01.057
[15] C. Namasivayam, R. Radhika and S. Suba, “Uptake of Dyes by a Promising Locally Available Agricultural Solid Waste: Coir Pith,” Waste Manage, Vol. 21, No. 381, 2001, p. 7.
[16] X. Y. Yang and B. Al-Duri, “Application of Branched Pore Diffusion Model in the Adsorption of Reactive Dyes on Activated Carbon,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 83, 2001, pp. 15-23.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1385-8947(00)00233-3
[17] G. McKay, “The Adsorption of Dyestuffs from Aqueous Solution Using Activated Carbon: Analytical Solution for Batch Adsorption Based on External Mass Transfer and Pore Diffusion,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 27, 1983, pp. 187-196.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0300-9467(83)80075-6
[18] I. Uzun and F. Guzel, “Adsorption of Some Heavy Metal Ions from Aqueous Solution by Activated Carbon and Comparison of Percent Adsorption Results of Activated Carbon with Those of Some Other Adsorbents,” Turkish Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 24, 2000, pp. 291-297.
[19] S. J. Allen and G. McKay, “Diffusion Model for the Sorption of Dyes on Peat,” Journal of Separating and Processing Technology, Vol. 8, 1987, pp. 18-25.
[20] G. McKay, H. S. Blair and J. Gardner, “Rate Studies for the Adsorption of Dyestuffs onto Chitin,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 95, 1983, pp. 108-119.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0021-9797(83)90078-4
[21] G. McKay, M. S. Otterburn and A. G. Sweeney, “Surface Mass Transfer Processes during Colour Removal from Effluent Using Silica,” Water Research, Vol. 15, 1991, pp. 327-331.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(81)90036-1
[22] G. S. Gupta, G. Prasad and V. N. Singh, “Removal of Chrome Dye from Aqueous Solutions by Mixed Adsorbents: Fly Ash and Coal,” Water Research, Vol. 24, 1990, pp. 45-50.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(90)90063-C
[23] V. V. Sethuraman and B. C. Raymahashay, “Color Removal by Clays. Kinetic Study of Adsorption of Cationic and Anionic Dyes,” Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 9, No. 11, 1975, pp. 39-40.
[24] R. W. Frei and H. Zeitlin, “The Factors Affecting the Reflectance Spectra of Some Dyes Adsorbed on Alumina,” Analytica Chimica Acta, Vol. 32, 1965, pp. 32-39.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670(00)88888-1
[25] D. Roy, P. N. Greenlaw and B. S. Shane, “Adsorption of Heavy Metals by Green Algae and Ground Rice Hulls,” Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Vol. A28, 1993, pp. 37-50.
[26] F. Shahidi and R. Abuzaytoun, “Chitin, Chitosan, and Co-Products: Chemistry, Production, Applications, and Health Effects,” Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Vol. 49, 2005, pp. 93-135.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1043-4526(05)49003-8
[27] R. N. Tharanathan and F. S. Kittur, “Chitin—The Undisputed Biomolecule of Great Potential,” Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, Vol. 43, 2003, pp. 61-87.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10408690390826455
[28] I. Uzun and F. Guzel, “Kinetics and Thermodynamics of the Adsorption of Some Dyestuffs and P-Nitrophenol by Chitosan and MCMchitosan from Aqueous Solution,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 274, 2004, pp. 398-412. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2004.02.022
[29] I. Uzun and F. Guzel, “Adsorption of Some Heavy Metal Ions from Aqueous Solution by Activated Carbon and Comparison of Percent Adsorption Results of Activated Carbon with Those of Some Other Adsorbents,” Turkish Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 24, 2000, pp. 291-297.
[30] X. F. Zeng and E. Ruckenstein, “Cross-Linked Macroporous Chitosan Anion-Exchange Membranes for Protein Separathions,” Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 148, 1998, pp. 195-205.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0376-7388(98)00183-5
[31] MNVR Kumar, “A Review of Chitin and Chitosan Applications,” Reactive and Functional Polymers, Vol. 46, 2000, pp. 1-27.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1381-5148(00)00038-9
[32] E. Agullo, M. S. Rodriguez, V. Ramos and L. Albertengo, “Present and Future Role of Chitin and Chitosan in Food,” Macromolecular Bioscience, Vol. 3, 2003, pp. 521-530.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mabi.200300010
[33] F. Shahidi, J. K. V. Arachchi and Y. J. Jeon, “Food Applications of Chitin and Chitosans,” Trends in Food Science & Technology, Vol.10, 1999, pp. 37-51.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0924-2244(99)00017-5
[34] M. Prabaharan and J. F. Mano, “Chitosan-Based Particles as Controlled Drug Delivery Systems,” Drug Delivery, Vol. 12, 2005, pp. 41-57.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10717540590889781
[35] M. N. V. Ravi Kumar, R. A. A. Muzzarelli, C. Muzzarelli, H. Sashiwa and A. J. Domb, “Chitosan Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Perspectives,” Chemical Reviews, Vol. 104, 2004, pp. 6017-6084.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cr030441b
[36] S. A. Agnihotri, N. N. Mallikarjuna and T. M. Aminabhavi, “Recent Advances on Chitosan-Based Micro- and Nano-particles in Drug Delivery,” Journal of Controlled Release, Vol. 100, No. 1, 2004, pp. 5-28.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jconrel.2004.08.010
[37] S. Senel and S. J. McClure, “Potential Applications of Chitosan in Veterinary Medicine,” Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, Vol. 56, No. 10, 2004, pp. 1467-1480.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addr.2004.02.007
[38] J. Berger, M. Reist, J. M. Mayer, O. Felt, N. A. Peppas and R. Gurny, “Structure and Interactions in Covalently and Ionically Crosslinked Chitosan Hydrogels for Biomedical Applications,” European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, Vol. 57, No. 1, 2004, pp. 19-34.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0939-6411(03)00161-9
[39] E. Khor and L.Y. Lim, “Implantable Applications of Chitin and Chitosan,” Biomaterials, Vol. 24, No. 13, 2003, pp. 2339-2349.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0142-9612(03)00026-7
[40] M. N. V. Ravi Kumar, “A Review of Chitin and Chitosan Applications,” Reactive and Functional Polymers, Vol. 46, No. 1, 2000, pp. 1-27.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1381-5148(00)00038-9
[41] B. Krajewska, “Applications of Chitin- and Chitosan-Based Materials for Enzyme Immobilizations,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology, Vol. 35, No. 2-3, 2004, pp. 126-139.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enzmictec.2003.12.013
[42] S. Bautista-Banos, A. N. Hernandez-Lauzardo, M. G. Velazquez-del Valle, M. Hernandez-Lopez, E. Ait Barka, E. Bosquez-Molina and C. L. Wilson, “Chitosan as a Potential Natural Compound to Control Pre and Post Harvest Diseases of Horticultural Commodities,” Crop Protection, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2006, pp. 108-118.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2005.03.010
[43] C. D. S. Tomlin, “The e-Pesticides Manual,” Version 3.0, 13th ed., BCPC (British Crop Protection Council), Copyright©(2004).
[44] Z. Abdeen, “Preparations and Applications of Some Friendly Environmental Compounds,” Ph.D. Thesis, Ain-Shams University, Cairo, 2005.
[45] M. Mima, S. Mima, M. Miya, R. Iwamoto and S. Yoshikawa, “Highly Deacetylated Chitosan and Its Properties,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 28, No. 6, 1983, pp. 1909-1917.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.1983.070280607
[46] R. Ferrus and P. Pages, “Water Retention Value and Degree of Crystallinity by Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy in Caustic-Soda-Treated Cotton,” Cellulose Chemistry and Technology, Vol. 11, No. 6, 1977, pp. 633-637.
[47] G. McKay, H. S. Blair and J. R. Gardner, “Two Resistance Mass Transport Model for the Adsorption of Acid Dye Onto Chitin in Fixed Beds,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 33, No. 4, 1987, pp. 1247-1256.
[48] F. N. Arslanoglu, F. Kar and N. Arslan, “Adsorption of Dark Coloured Compounds from Peach Pulp by Using Powdered Activated Carbon,” Journal of Food Engineering, Vol. 71, No. 2, 2005, pp. 156-163.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2004.10.029
[49] H. B. Senturk, D. Ozdes and C. Duran, “Biosorption of Rhodamine 6G from Aqueous Solutions onto Almond shell (Prunus dulcis) as a Low Cost Biosorbent,” Desalination, Vol. 252, No. 1-3, 2010, pp. 81-87.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2009.10.021
[50] P. S. Kumar, S. Ramalingam, C. Senthamarai, M. Niranjanaa, P. Vijayalakshmi and S. Sivanesan, “Adsorption of Dye from Aqueous Solution by cashew Nut Shell: Studies on Equilibrium Isotherm, Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Interactions,” Desalination, Vol. 261, No. 1-2, 2010, pp. 52-60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2010.05.032
[51] S. D. Khattri and M. K. Singh, “Removal of Malachite Green from Dye Wastewater Using Neem Sawdust by Adsorption,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 167, No. 1-3, 2009, pp. 1089-1094.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.01.101
[52] R. Ahmed, “Studies on Adsorption of Crystal Violet Dye from Aqueous Solution onto Coniferous Pinus Bark Powder (CPBP),” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 171, No. 1-3, 2009, pp. 767-773.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.06.060
[53] N. Nasuha, B. H. Hameed and A. T. M. Din, “Rejected Tea as a Potential Low-Cost Adsorbent for the Removal of Methylene Blue,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 175, No. 1-3, 2010, pp. 126-132.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.09.138
[54] M. Dogan, H. Abak and M. Alkan, “Adsorption of Methylene Blue onto Hazelnut Shell: Kinetics, Mechanism and Activation Parameters,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 164, No. 1, 2009, pp. 172-181.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.07.155
[55] N. M. Mahmoodi, R. Salehi and M. Arami, “Binary System Dye Removal from Colored Textile Wastewater Using Activated Carbon: Kinetic and Isotherm Studies,” Desalination, Vol. 272, No. 1-3, 2011, pp. 187-195.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2011.01.023
[56] I. Langmuir, “The Adsorption of Gases on Plane Surfaces of Glass, Mica and Platinum,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 40, No. 9, 1918, pp. 1361-1403.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja02242a004
[57] H. Freundlich, “Over the Adsorption in the Solution,” Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 57, No. 4, 1906, pp. 385-470.
[58] M. M. Dubinin and L. V. Radushkevich, “Equation of the Characteristic Curve of Activated Charcoal,” Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences USSR, Vol. 55, No. 2, 1947, pp. 331-333.
[59] M. J. Temkin and V. Pyzhev, “Kinetics of Ammonia Synthesis on Promoted Iron Catalysts,” Acta Physicochim. URSS, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1940, pp. 217-222.
[60] I. Langmuir, “The Constitution and Fundamental Properties of Solids and Liquids,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 38, No. 11, 1916, pp. 2221-2295.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja02268a002
[61] K.R. Hall, L.C. Eagleton, A. Acrivos and T. Vermeulen, “Pore-and Solid-Diffusion Kinetics in Fixed-Bed Adsorption under Constant-Pattern Conditions,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Fundamentals, Vol. 5, No. 2, 1966, pp. 212-223. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/i160018a011
[62] H. B. Senthil Kumar, S. Ramalingam, C. Senthamarai, M. Niranjanaa, P. Vijayalakshmi and S. Sivanesan, “Adsorption of Dye from Aqueous Solution by Cashew Nut Shell: Studies of Equilibrium Isotherm, Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Interactions,” Desalination, Vol. 261, No. 1-2, 2010, pp. 52-60.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2010.05.032
[63] C. Aharoni and D. L. Sparks, “Kinetics of Soil Chemical Reactions—A Theoretical Treatment,” In: D. L. Sparks and D. L. Suarez, Eds., Rate of Soil Chemical Processes, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, 1991, pp. 1-18.
[64] C. Aharoni and M. Ungarish, “Kinetics of Activated Chemisorptions, Part 2.—Theoretical Models,” Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions 1, Vol. 73, No. 2, 1977, pp. 456-464.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/f19777300456
[65] X. S. Wang and Y. Qin, “Equilibrium Sorption Isotherms for of Cu2+ on Rice Bran,” Process Biochemistry, Vol. 40, No. 2, 2005, pp. 677-680.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2004.01.043
[66] M. M. Dubinin, “Modern State of the Theory of Volume Filling of Micropore Adsorbents during Adsorption of Gases and Steams on Carbon Adsorbents,” Zhurnal Fizicheskoi Khimii, Vol. 39, No. 19, 1965, pp. 1305-1317.
[67] L. V. Radushkevich, “Potential Theory of Sorption and Structure of Carbons,” Zhurnal Fizicheskoi Khimii, Vol. 23, No. 12, 1949, pp. 1410-1420.
[68] N. Unlu¨and M. Ersoz, “Adsorption Characteristics of Heavy Metal Ions onto a Low Cost Biopolymer Sorbent from Aqueous Solutions”. Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 136, No. 2, 2006, pp. 272-280.
[69] T. Calvete, E. C. Lima, N. F. Cardoso, S. L. P. Dias and F. A. Pavan, “Application of Carbon Adsorbents Prepared from the Brazilian-Pine Fruit Shell for Removal of Procion Red MX 3B from Aqueous Solution. Kinetic, Equilibrium, and Thermodynamic Studies,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 155, No. 3, 2009, pp. 627-636.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2009.08.019
[70] H. Koynucu, “Adsorption Kinetics of 3-Hydroxybenzaldehyde on Native and Activated Bentonite,” Applied Clay Science, Vol. 38, No. 3-4, 2008, pp. 279-287.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2007.03.010
[71] Y. Safa and H. N. Bhatti, “kinetic and Thermodynamic Modeling for the Removal of Direct Red-31 and Direct Orange-26 Dyes from Aqueous Solutions by Rice Husk,” Desalination, Vol. 272, No. 1-3, 2011, pp. 313-322.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2011.01.040
[72] T. Akar, S. Celik and S. T. Akar, “Biosorption Performance of Surface Modified Biomass Obtained from Pyracantha coccinea for the Decolonization of Dye Contaminated Solutions,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 160, No. 2, 2010, pp. 466-472.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2010.03.047
[73] M. A. Al-Ghouti, M. N. M. Ahmed and S. Allen, “Adsorption Behaviour of Methylene Blue onto Jordanian Diatomite: A Kinetic Study,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 165, No. 1-3, 2009, pp. 589-598.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.10.018

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.