The Use of Cellobiose and Fructooligosaccharide on Growth and Stability of Bifidobacterium infantis in Fermented Milk

DOI: 10.4236/fns.2013.412167   PDF   HTML     4,459 Downloads   6,735 Views   Citations

Abstract

The effects of cellobiose, fructooligosaccharide and their combination on fermentation of skim milk by probiotic Bifidobacterium infantis were evaluated using mean doubling time as a parameter for sustaining growth. The lowest mean doubling time was observed for 2% cellobiose, followed by a combination of 2% fructooligosaccharide (FOS) with 2% cellobiose, while during storage at 4℃ for 4 weeks of fermented milk, no significant differences were observed between fermented milk supplemented with 2% cellobiose and 2% FOS. The highest viability retention during storage was observed for the combination of the two prebiotics, cellobiose and FOS. The results indicate that, in milk supplemented with cellobiose or a combination of cellobiose and FOS, Bifidobacterium infantis remain viable during 4 weeks of storage, suggesting the usefulness of cellobiose as a prebiotic ingredient in fermented products involving bifidobacteria.

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M. Basholli-Salihu, M. Mueller, F. Unger and H. Viernstein, "The Use of Cellobiose and Fructooligosaccharide on Growth and Stability of Bifidobacterium infantis in Fermented Milk," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 12, 2013, pp. 1301-1306. doi: 10.4236/fns.2013.412167.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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