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Tumours of salivary glands in the stomatology and maxillo-facial surgery unit at the university hospital centre —Yalgado Ouédraogo

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DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2013.39077    2,476 Downloads   3,255 Views  

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to contribute to strengthening the efficiency in the treatment of the salivary gland tumours in the Stomatology and Maxillo-facial surgery service at the University Hospital Centre/Yalgado OUEDRAOGO of Ouagadougou. It has been a retrospective and descriptive study covering seven (7) years [January 2006-December 2012] on epidemiology and the treatment of 54 cases of the salivary glands tumours histologically confirmed. Benign tumours (non-malignant tumours were prevalent (61.11% of cases). The annual incidences were 4.71 cases for non malignant tumours and 3 cases for malignant tumours. The average age was 34-45 years for non malignant tumours and 44-33 years for malignant ones. In both groups, the tumour was discovered lately with an average 32-48 months before consulting in case of non malignant tumours and 18-29 months for malignant tumours. The location of non malignant tumours was very often the parotid (42.42%), under mandible gland (27.28%). Malignant tumours very often concerned the parotid (76.18%) and the under mandible gland (14.29%). The histology has revealed that pleomorphic adenoma was the leading type of non-malignant tumours (93.94% of cases) whereas carcinoma was predominant in malignant tumours (80.95% of cases). Long term track keeping was difficult and it has been complicated by the loss of contact with some patients. The low living standard, the time wasted before consulting, limited human resources and therapeutic means constitute handicaps to the treatment in our African context.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Millogo, M. , Konsem, T. , Bissa, H. , Béogo, R. and Ouédraogo, D. (2013) Tumours of salivary glands in the stomatology and maxillo-facial surgery unit at the university hospital centre —Yalgado Ouédraogo. Open Journal of Stomatology, 3, 465-470. doi: 10.4236/ojst.2013.39077.

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