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A Clinco-Bacteriological Study of Leprosy in Paediatric Age Group

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DOI: 10.4236/aid.2013.34041    3,738 Downloads   5,751 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Clinico-bacteriological study was done in 51 leprosy patients below 14 years of age. Majority of the patients were males in the age group of 11-14 years. Nearly 84% had not received any prior treatment because of lack of awareness and financial constraints. Only 11.76% had a positive contact history. Skin lesions were present in all cases and 84.3% had lesions mainly on the exposed areas of the body and their number was found to increase significantly with advancing age (p < 0.005). These lesions were hypo-pigmented patches in 88% cases. 88% of cases had hypo-anesthesia and nerve thickening was observed in 24% cases. The most common type of skin lesion was borderline tuberculoid (BT) in 53% cases. Positivity of the skin smears increased significantly as the number of the skin lesions per patient increased (p < 0.001). Multibacillary cases were seen in 15.6% of cases and found only in the age group of 10-14 years of age. No statistically significant association between BCG vaccination and prevention of leprosy was seen.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

L. Das, B. Meher, N. Das, D. Pradhan, S. Pradeep and J. Mohanty, "A Clinco-Bacteriological Study of Leprosy in Paediatric Age Group," Advances in Infectious Diseases, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 269-273. doi: 10.4236/aid.2013.34041.

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