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Invasive Fungal Sinusitis in Immunocompromised Patients: A Multicenter, University Hospital Experience in Shiraz

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DOI: 10.4236/aid.2013.34040    2,869 Downloads   4,861 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Objective: It is to determine the causes of invasive fungal sinusitis in patients of Shiraz University hospitals, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted during 18 months (from 21 March 2009 till 22 September 2010) in three Shiraz University Hospitals. Thirty-six patients with sings of invasive fungal sinusitis were enrolled, and tissue samples were investigated for histopathology, culture and antifungal susceptibility test. The laboratory results with host factor and sinus computed tomography scan were evaluated for classification of patients as proven, probable and possible invasive fungal sinusitis. Results: Thirty-five patients have involved with at least one risk factor (immune compromised disease, diabetes mellitus, or use of immune suppressed drugs). Radiological findings of parasinus invasion or necrosis were present in 20 patients. By histopathology, 21 patients were considered as proven, from these, 17 samples had positive growth. The culture aetiology agents were 4 Candida, 8 Aspergillus, and 5 Mucor. All positive culture samples were matched with histopathology findings. Significant associations were considered for radiologic finding and histopathology and culture (p < 0.05). From 8 patients with mucormycosis histopathology, 6 suffered from diabetes mellitus. None of the antifungal agents were effective on these three types of infections. Conclusion: DM is the most common predisposing factor for IFS followed by ALL and AML. The most common aetiology of IFS was found to be Aspergillus fumigant followed by Mucormycosis and Candida. None of antifungal agents could successfully cover all the species.

 

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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M. Moghadami, H. Ruzbahani, P. Badiee, A. Faramarzi, P. Peymani and K. Lankarani, "Invasive Fungal Sinusitis in Immunocompromised Patients: A Multicenter, University Hospital Experience in Shiraz," Advances in Infectious Diseases, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 263-268. doi: 10.4236/aid.2013.34040.

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