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Effect of Maltose Concentration on Plant Regeneration of Anther Culture with Different Genotypes in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.411279    4,649 Downloads   6,771 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This study describes the impact of different concentrations of maltose on plant regeneration of anther culture for five genotypes of rice (Oryza sativa). N6 medium was used for calli induction, while N6 medium supplemented with different concentrations of maltose, 2.0 mg/L NAA and 0.5 mg/L kinase was used for plant regeneration. The result showed that during the initial stages of calli induction the anther cultures had varying rates of calli formation among genotypes, with the best frequency being observed for Dreami2/CaMsrB2-8-DH-1 with a calli frequency of 27.8%. Different genotypes of rice cultured in regeneration media showed varying plantlet regeneration on media supplemented with different concentrations of maltose, with low concentrations (0.04 g/L) leading to low frequency regeneration plantlet but high green plant production. Indeed, when Dreami2/CaMsrB2-8-DH-2 and Dreami2/CaMsrB2-8-DH-5 were cultivated under these conditions, 100% green plants were observed. Another genotype also showed a small rate of albino frequency in response to the lowest concentration of maltose, while increased maltose concentrations resulted in increased rates of albino plants. Overall, the results of this study should facilitate establishment of an efficient plant regeneration system from anther culture in rice.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

S. Park, M. Ubaidillah and K. Kim, "Effect of Maltose Concentration on Plant Regeneration of Anther Culture with Different Genotypes in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 11, 2013, pp. 2265-2270. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2013.411279.

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