Evaluation of Antibacterial and Antidiarrhoeal Activities of Feronia limonia Leaf Extract


The present study was carried out to investigate possible antibacterial and antidiarrhoeal activities of ethanol extract of Feronia limonia leaves. Phytochemical analysis of the crude extract was performed to detect presence of different kinds of phytoconstituents. The antibacterial activity was investigated against four Gram positive and four Gram negative bacteria by using disc diffusion method. The plant extract showed moderate antibacterial activity against Gram positive bacteria namely Staphylococcus saprophyticus and Staphylococcus pyogenes and all tested Gram negative bacteria namely Escherichia coli, Shigella boydii, Shigella dysentery and Shigella flexneri in dose dependant manner. The results of castor oil-induced diarrhoeal study showed that Feronia limonia extract significantly reduced the severity & frequency of diarrhoea in mice at a higher dose of 500 mg/kg compared with the standard drug loperamide (25 mg/kg). The present study clearly supports the medicinal value of this plant. The overall results indicate the possibility of presence of some active principles in the plant extract possessing antibacterial and antidiarrhoeal actions.

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M. Motalib Momin, M. Khan, J. Rayhan, A. Afrose, S. Rana and A. Begum, "Evaluation of Antibacterial and Antidiarrhoeal Activities of Feronia limonia Leaf Extract," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 11, 2013, pp. 2181-2185. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2013.411270.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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