Crystallographic Study of the TiO2 Obtained by Different Synthesis Methods

DOI: 10.4236/msce.2013.16005   PDF   HTML   XML   3,824 Downloads   7,023 Views   Citations


In this work, the crystal structure of titanium dioxide was studied, and the effect of the different synthesis routes on the microstructure and morphology of the nanostructures was analyzed. Samples characterization was carried out by X-ray diffraction by powders (XRD) to determine the different crystalline phases contented in the samples and using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the morphology and topology of all samples were studied. XRD results were analyzed through Eva provided by Bruker to determine the average crystallite size. The results portrayed here showed that all the synthesis process produced anatase nanostructures with an average crystallite size smaller than 27 nm. Synthesized powders presented similar morphologies in all cases and they were homogeneous in their chemical composition.

Share and Cite:

Cortez-Lorenzo, F. , Ruiz, M. , Mendoza, R. , García, M. and Castillo, R. (2013) Crystallographic Study of the TiO2 Obtained by Different Synthesis Methods. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 1, 30-37. doi: 10.4236/msce.2013.16005.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] K. Nakata and A. Fujishima, “TiO2 Photocatalysis: Design and Applications,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology C: Photochemistry Reviews, Vol. 13, No. 3, 2012, pp. 169-189.
[2] A. Narayan-Banerjee, “The Desing, Fabrication, and Photocatalytic Utility of Nanostructured Semiconductors: Focus on TiO2-Base Nanostructures,” Nanotechnology, Science and Applications, Vol. 4, 2011, pp. 35-65.
[3] J. Mo, Y. Zhang, Q. Xu, J. Joaquin-Lamson and R. Zhao, “Photocatalytic Purification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Indoor Air: A Literature Review,” Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 43, No. 14, 2009, pp. 2229-2246.
[4] A. B. Corradi, F. Bondioli and B. Focher, “Conventional and Microwave-Hydrothermal Synthesis of TiO2Nanopowders,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 88, No. 9, 2005, pp. 2639-2641.
[5] T. Suprabha, H. G. Roy, J. Thomas, K. P. Kumar and S. Mathew, “Microwave-Assited Synthesis of Titania Nanocubes, Nanospheres and Nanorodsfor Photocatalytic Dye Degradation,” Nanoscale Research Letters, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2009, pp. 144-152.
[6] Q. Geng and N. Chen, “Photocatalytic Degratation of a Gaseous Benzene-Toluene Mixture in a Circulated Photocatalytic Reactor,” Chemical Engineering & Technology, Vol. 34, No. 3, 2011, pp. 400-408.
[7] A. Jena, R. Vinu, S. A. Shivashankar and G. Madras, “Microwave Assisted Synthesis of Nanostructured Titanium Dioxide with High Photocatalytic Activity,” Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 49, No. 20, 2010, pp. 9636-9643.
[8] M. Lira-Cantu, A. Chafiq, J. Faissat, I. Gonzalez-Valls and Y. Yu, “Oxide/Polymer Interfaces for Hybrid and Organic Solar Cells: Anatase vs. Rutile TiO2,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, Vol. 95, No. 5, 2011, pp. 1362-1374.
[9] K. S. Brammer, C. J. Frandsen and S. Jin, “TiO2 Nanotubes for Bone Regeneration,” Trends in Biotechnology, Vol. 30, No. 6, 2012, pp. 315-322.
[10] G.-T. Pan, M.-H. Lai, R.-C. Juang, T.-W. Chung and T. C.-K. Yang, “Preparation of Visible-Light-Driven Silver Vanadates by a Microwave-Assited Hydrothermal Method for the Photodegradation of Volatile Organic Vapors,” Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 50, No. 5, 2011, pp. 2807-2814.
[11] Y. Koval, Y. Skvortsevitch and E. Mayer, “VLDPE Synthesis by Radical Ethylene Polymerization in Tubular Reactors-Negative Factor or Unrealized Opportunities,” Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2013, pp. 11-16.
[12] J. Xie, S. Tian, J. Liu and X. Zhou, “Effects of Salt Quenching Temperatures on Microstructure and Creep Properties of a PM Ni-based Superalloy,” Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2013, pp. 6-10.
[13] K. Aketagawa, H. Hirama and T. Torii, “Hyper-Miniaturisation of Monodisperse Janus Hydrogel Beads with Magnetic Anisotropy Based on Coagulation of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles,” Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2013, pp. 1-5.
[14] Y. Makhkhas, S. Aqdim and E. H. Sayouty, “Study of Sodium-Chomium-Iron-Phosphate Glass by XRD, IR, Chemical Durability and SEM,” Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 3, 2013, pp. 1-6.
[15] X. Liu, “Preparation and Characterization of Pure Anatase Nanocrystals by Sol-Gel Method,” Powder Technology, Vol. 224, 2012, pp. 287-290.
[16] J. Wang, H. Li, H. Wang, K. Huang, G. Sun, S. Yin and T. Sato, “Morphology Control of TiO2 through Hydrotermal Synthesis Method using Protonic Tetratitanate,” Research on Chemical Intermediates, Vol. 37, No. 2-5, 2011, pp. 165-175.
[17] R. Rahal, A. Wankhade, D. Cha, A. Fihri, S. Ould-Chikh, U. Patil and V. Polshettiwar, “Synthesis of Hierarchical Anatase TiO2 Nanostructures with Tunable Morphology and Enhanced Photocatalytic Activity,” RSC Advances, Vol. 2, No. 18, 2012, pp. 7048-7052.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.