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On the Ionization Energy of the Outer Electrons of Atoms and Their Ions

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DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2013.411178    3,315 Downloads   4,670 Views   Citations
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Nikolay D. Gudkov, Vladimir A. Shuvalov


1Institute of Basic Biological Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Russia 2A.N. Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.
Institute of Basic Biological Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Russia.


An empirical formula is proposed to calculate the total binding energy of the outer electrons of atoms and their ions to a high accuracy. It is the authors’ opinion that the validity of the proposed formula testifies that electronic shells have some “spatial structures”, and the nature of which depends neither on the nucleus charge, nor on the number of the electrons in a shell.


Complex Atoms; Electronic Shells; Ionization Energy

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N. Gudkov and V. Shuvalov, "On the Ionization Energy of the Outer Electrons of Atoms and Their Ions," Journal of Modern Physics, Vol. 4 No. 11, 2013, pp. 1486-1489. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2013.411178.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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