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Efficacy and Safety of Dexmedetomidine during Anesthesia Induction of Patients with Intracranial Tumor: A Preliminary Observational Trial

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DOI: 10.4236/pp.2013.48084    2,573 Downloads   4,667 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background: The efficacy and safety of dexmedetomidine during the anesthesia induction of intracranial tumor patients remain unknown. We wondered whether loading infusion of dexmedetomidine 1 μg/kg over 10 min to intracranial tumor patients was as efficient and safe as to those abdominal disease patients. Methods: Patients aged 18-60 years, male or female, ASA I or II, scheduled for intracranial tumor resection (Group N, n = 30) or abdominal operation (Group A, n = 30) were enrolled in this observational trial. Dexmedetomidine was administrated with a loading dosage of 1 μg/kg over 10 min following with continuous infusing of 0.5 μg/kg/h. Fentanyl, propofol and rocuronium were sequentially administered for anesthesia induction. Heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), pulse oxygen saturation (SpO2), bispectral index (BIS) and other adverse effects were recorded from the beginning of loading infusion of dexmedetomidine to the end of endotracheal intubation. Results: Among with loading infusion, HR and BIS value decreased and were significantly lower at the end of infusion than before infusion (P < 0.01), but BP did not (P > 0.05). One patient of Group N dropped out from this trial because of a serious headache. 14 of 29 patients during dexmedetomidine loading infusion suffered hypoxemia (SpO2 < 90%) in Group N, which was higher than 6 of 30 of in Group A (P < 0.05). No other side effects were recorded. Conclusion: A loading dosage of 1 μg/kg of dexmedetomidine was not suitable for the anesthesia induction of intracranial tumor patients as compared to patients undergoing abdominal operation.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

J. Cao, W. Shi, W. Mi and H. Zhang, "Efficacy and Safety of Dexmedetomidine during Anesthesia Induction of Patients with Intracranial Tumor: A Preliminary Observational Trial," Pharmacology & Pharmacy, Vol. 4 No. 8, 2013, pp. 584-589. doi: 10.4236/pp.2013.48084.

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