Periarterial stem villous edema is associated with hypercoiled umbilical cord and stem obliterative endarteritis


To assess clinicopathologic correlations of a novel placental lesion featuring a distinct ring-like periarterial edema of stem villi (PASE). A retrospective case-control statistical comparison (Yates χ2 or analysis of variance) of 30 clinical and 41 placental features of 100 consecutive placentas with PASE and 100 gestational age-matched cases without PASE, extracted from 2403 placentas from high-risk pregnancies signed out by the author since year 2006. The PASE was seen in 4.2% of placentas, average gestational age 35.9 weeks (range, 24 - 42 weeks). Frequencies of stem obliterative endarteritis and hypercoiled umbilical cord (coiling index > 0.3) were 23% vs 5% (p = 0.005), and 20% vs 9% (p = 0.04) in the study group and comparative group, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences (p > 0.05) between the groups in clinical or other placental variables. The PASE may be linked to chronically abnormal blood flow in umbilical cord arteries and their stem branches and may be a histological placental sign of non-obliterative umbilical cord compromise.

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Stanek, J. (2013) Periarterial stem villous edema is associated with hypercoiled umbilical cord and stem obliterative endarteritis. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 3, 9-14. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2013.39A002.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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