Share This Article:

Psycho-Physiological Combined Therapy on the Sexual Desire

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:98KB) PP. 261-268
DOI: 10.4236/oju.2013.36049    2,807 Downloads   4,112 Views  

ABSTRACT

Objective: Hypoactive Sexual Desire is characterized as a lack or absence of sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity. The current study examines the effects of psycho-physiological therapy (stretch therapy combined with breathing exercise) on the sexual desire among heterosexual men. Methods: We used “convenience sampling” for this research; 80 people were recruited. For collection of data, we used an identical quasi-experimental design called “nonequivalent control group.” Therapy sessions each lasting (20) 90 to 120 min were carried out on 3 alternate days of week. The volunteers have been selected from heterosexual men with stable relationship, those who married minimum of 6 months, within 20 to 55 years old, who attended to HUSM Family Clinic. Pre-tests, post-tests, and follow-up tests were conducted in a HUSM clinic (Malaysia). For assessment we used Hurlbert Index of Sexual Desire (HISD). Results: The psycho-physiological group had better post-test scores compared to the control group. Also follow-up test scores were marginally better compared to the control group, but this difference did not reach statistical significance. Also age and education level of participants didn’t have any significant effect on this intervention. Conclusion: Psycho-physiological combined therapy including stretching and breathing exercise appears to result in better improvement in sexual desire compared to control group but this improvement is not great. It increases sexual desire of heterosexual men, whenever people follow the therapy.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

R. Bay, S. Ismail and F. Bay, "Psycho-Physiological Combined Therapy on the Sexual Desire," Open Journal of Urology, Vol. 3 No. 6, 2013, pp. 261-268. doi: 10.4236/oju.2013.36049.

References

[1] J. Waite-Linda, “Why Marriage Matters,” Strengthening Marriage Round Table, Washington DC, 1997.
[2] American Psychiatric Association, “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—IV—Text Revision,” 4th Edition, American Psychiatric Association, Washington DC, 2004.
[3] M. Crowe and J. Ridley, “Therapy with Couples: A Behavioral—Systems Approach to Couple Relationship and Sexual Problems,” Pub Black Well Science Ltd., Malden, 2006.
[4] M. R. Gold-Fried and L. G. Cstonguay, “The Future of Psychotherapy Integration,” Psychotherapy, Vol. 29, No. 1, 1992, pp. 4-10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-3204.29.1.4
[5] D. M. Schnarch, “Sexual-Marital Therapy with Mature Couples,” Family Therapy News, New York, Vol. 26, No. 3, 1995.
[6] R. Corliss, “The Power of Yoga,” Electronic Version, Time Magazine, April 23, 2001.
[7] L. Eisenberg, “Complementary and Alternative Medicine: What Is Its Role?” In: A. P. Fishman and M. Hager, Eds., Education of Health Professionals in Complementary/ Alternative Medicine, Macy Foundation, New York, 2001, pp. 32-41.
[8] L. Bassman and G. Ullendahl, “Complementary/Alternative Medicine: Ethical, Professional, and Practical Challenges for Psychologists,” Professional Psychology Research and Practice, Vol. 34, No. 3, 2003, pp. 264-270. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.34.3.264
[9] Arpita, “Physiological and Psychological Effects of Hatha Yoga: A Review of the Literature,” The Journal of the International Association of Yoga Therapists, Vol. 1, 2000, pp. 1-28.
[10] D Campbell and K. Moore, “Yoga as a Preventative and Treatment for Depression, Anxiety, and Stress,” International Journal of Yoga Therapy, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2004, pp. 53-58.
[11] D. Shapiro and K. Cline, “Mood Changes Associated with Iyengar Yoga Practices: A Pilot Study,” International Journal of Yoga Therapy, Vol. 14, 2004, pp. 35-44.
[12] A. Woolery, H. Myers, B. Sternlieb, L. Zeltzer, “A Yoga Intervention for Young Adults with Elevated Symptoms of Depression,” Alternative Therapies, Vol. 10, No. 2, 2004, pp. 60-63.
[13] D. Vora, “Health in Your Hands,” Vol. 1, Navneet Publications Limited, Mumbay, 1898.
[14] J. C. Travell, D. G. Simons, “Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual,” Vol. 1-2, William and Wilkins, Baltimore, 1994.
[15] V. Janda and G. Jull, “Muscles and Motor Control In Low Back Pain: Assessment,” In: L. T. Twomey and J. R. Taylor, Eds., Physical Therapy of the Low Back, Churchill Livingstone, New York, 1987.
[16] V. Janda, “Muscles and Cervicogenic Pain Syndromes,” In: R. Grant, Ed., Physical Therapy of the Cervical and Thoracic Spine, Churchill Livingstone, New York, 1988.
[17] B. H. Bunkan, “Muskel Spanningar,” Under Sokning Ochbe Handling Liber, Stockholm, 1980.
[18] P. Markos, “Ipsilateral and Contralateral Effects of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Techniques on Hip Motion and Electromyographic Activity,” Physical Therapy, Vol. 59, No. 11, 1979, pp. 1366-1373.
[19] B. R. Etnyre and L. D. Abraham, “Gains in Range of Ankle Dorsiflexion Using Three Popular Stretching Techniques,” American Physical Medicine, Vol. 65, No. 4, 1986, pp. 189-196.
[20] C. H. Wang, P. McClure, N. E. Pratt and R. Nobilini, “Stretching and Strengthening Exercises: Their Effect on Three Dimensional Scapular Kinematics,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 80, No. 8, 1999, pp. 923-929.
[21] E. F. Wright, A. D. Domenech and J. R. Fischer, “Usefulness of Posture Training for Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders,” Journal of the American Dental Association, Vol. 131, No. 2, 2000, pp. 202-210.
[22] M. A. More, “An Electromyographic Investigation of Muscle Stretching Techniques,” Unpublished Master’s Thesis, University of Washington, Seattle, 1979.
[23] R. Ofir, “The Feldenkrais Method, the Importance and Potency of Small and Slow Movements,” Physical Therapy Forum, Vol. 42, No. 5, 1990, pp. 3-5.
[24] K. Swaim, “An Alternative Therapy: Pilate’s Method,” PT Magazine, October 1993, pp. 55-58.
[25] S. L. Wolf, C. Coogler and T. Xu, “Exploring the Basis for Tai Chi Chuan as a Therapeutic Exercise Approach,” Archives in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 78, No. 8, 1997, pp. 886-892. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0003-9993(97)90206-9
[26] C. Apt and D. F. Hurlbert, “The Sexuality of Women in Physically Abusive Marriages: A Comparative Study,” Journal of Family Violence, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1992, pp. 57-69. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/ BF00986993
[27] M. Bricklin, “Positive Living and Health,” Rodale Press, Pennsylvania, 1990.
[28] C. G. Bacon, M. A. Mittleman, I. Kawachi, E. Giovannucci, D. B. Glasser and E. B. Rimm, “Sexual Function in Men Older Than 50 Years of Age: Results from the Health Professionals’ Follow-Up Study,” Annals of Internal Medicine, Vol. 139, No. 3, 2003, pp. 161-168. http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-139-3-200308050-00005
[29] K. Esposito and D. Giugliano, “Obesity, the Metabolic Syndrome, and Sexual Dysfunction,” International Journal of Impotence Research, Vol. 17, 2005, pp. 391-398. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ sj.ijir.3901333
[30] K. Esposito, E. Giugliano, C. Di Palo, G. Giugliano, R. Marfella, E. D’Andrea, et al., “Effect of Lifestyle Changes on Erectile Dysfunction in Obese Men: A Randomized Controlled Trial,” JAMA, Vol. 291, No. 24, 2004, pp. 2978-2984. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.291.24.2978
[31] J. Y. Cheng, E. M. Ng, J. S. Ko and R. Y. Chen, “Physical Activity and Erectile Dysfunction: Meta-Analysis of Population-Based Studies,” International Journal of Impotence Research, Vol. 19, 2006, pp. 245-252. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijir.3901521
[32] J. Wilbur, A. M. Miller, J. McDevitt, E. Wang and J. Miller, “Menopausal Status, Moderate-Intensity Walking, and Symptoms in Midlife Women,” Research and Theory for Nursing Practice, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2005, pp. 163-180.
[33] D. Shapiro and K. Cline, “Mood Changes Associated with Iyengar Yoga Practices: A Pilot Study,” International Journal of Yoga Therapy, Vol. 14, 2004, pp. 35-44.
[34] Arpita, “Physiological and Psychological Effects of Hatha Yoga: A Review of the Literature,” The Journal of the International Association of Yoga Therapists, Vol. 1, 2000, pp. 1-28.
[35] R. Bay, “Alternative and Psycho-Physiological Complementary Therapies,” Suchak Creations Publication, Pune, 2009.
[36] R. Bay, “Explanatory Dictionary of Type 2 Diabetes with Psycho-Physiological Treatments,” Suchak Creations Publication, Pune, 2009.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.