Neutron Diffraction Study of Self-Curing and Self-Crystallization Phenomena of Low-Temperature Dehydrogenating Products of Powder Crystals of Rare-Earth Metals Trihydroxides


The phenomenon of hydrogen thermoemission out of a crystal lattice of powder rare-earth metals trihydrooxides R(OH)3 (R is La, Pr, Nd) was found. The hydrogen thermoemission out of a crystal lattice is partial or full removal of hydrogen out of the crystal lattice of powder hydrogen-containing crystal without change of symmetry of such crystal at continuous evacuation of high vacuum at evacuation temperature of Тev. which is lower than recrystallization Тrecrys. or disintegration (Tdisinteg.) temperature of this crystal: Тev. < Тrecrys. < Tdisineg.. By neutron diffraction it is found that low- temperature (Тevacuation = 400 - 420 K ) removal of hydrogen (by hydrogen thermoemission) out of a crystal lattice of trihydrooxide R(OH)3 under continuous high vacuum evacuating makes possible to obtain metastable “trioxide” R[O]3. Existence of such substance contradicts to the valence law (oxygen is bivalent and Pr is trivalent in hydroxides). Such “trioxide” has a superfluous negative charge: R3+O6-. So they aspire to “capture” three more protons (hydrogen ions) from a water molecules. Obviously, this substance can be stable at low temperatures and in the mediums, which are not containing hydrogen. In the air at room temperature this substance, most likely, interacting with water molecules, gradually again turns into trihydroxide R(OH)3, compensating the superfluous negative charge by three hydrogen atoms. From this it follows that substance R[O3] can simultaneously be an absorber of hydrogen and generator of oxygen at atmospheric conditions and in any mediums which contains water molecules, without any prior processing like heating or high pressure. Thus, the obtained material, without any prior processing like heating or high pressure, can simultaneously be oxygen generator and hydrogen accumulator in any mediums characteristic of R[O3] to transform into stable form R(OH)3 by selective bonding of hydrogen from the hydrogen-containing environment allowing implication of Pr[O3] as the hydrogen selective absorber. Separation (by low-temperature removal) of hydrogen out of R(OH)3 lattice can again lead to restoration of its capabilities to be a simultaneous hydrogen accumulator and oxygen generator in a medium containing water molecules.

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K. Irisali, "Neutron Diffraction Study of Self-Curing and Self-Crystallization Phenomena of Low-Temperature Dehydrogenating Products of Powder Crystals of Rare-Earth Metals Trihydroxides," Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 156-162. doi: 10.4236/jcpt.2013.34024.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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