Logical Difficulty from Combining Counterfactuals in the GHZ-Bell Theorems

DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.410A3012   PDF   HTML     3,464 Downloads   4,566 Views   Citations

Abstract

In eliminating the fair sampling assumption, the Greenberger, Horne, Zeilinger (GHZ) theorem is believed to confirm Bell’s historic conclusion that local hidden variables are inconsistent with the results of quantum mechanics. The GHZ theorem depends on predicting the results of sets of measurements of which only one may be performed. In the present paper, the noncommutative aspects of these unperformed measurements are critically examined. Classical examples and the logic of the GHZ construction are analyzed to demonstrate that combined counterfactual results of noncommuting operations are in general logically inconsistent with performed measurement sequences whose results depend on noncommutation. The Bell theorem is also revisited in the light of this result. It is concluded that negative conclusions regarding local hidden variables do not follow from the GHZ and Bell theorems as historically reasoned.

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L. Sica, "Logical Difficulty from Combining Counterfactuals in the GHZ-Bell Theorems," Applied Mathematics, Vol. 4 No. 10C, 2013, pp. 90-94. doi: 10.4236/am.2013.410A3012.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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