Share This Article:

Effect of Carbon Content on Ti Inclusion Precipitated in Tire Cord Steel

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:143KB) PP. 283-286
DOI: 10.4236/jsemat.2013.34038    3,333 Downloads   4,682 Views   Citations


The precipitation of TiN inclusion during solidification of different carbon content of 0.72%, 0.82% and 0.95% in tire cord steel is thermodynamically studied respectively. The results show that the carbon content has obvious effect on TiN inclusion precipitated in tire cord steel of different strength levels. With the carbon content of tire cord steel increasing, the temperature before solidifying reduced gradually and the required activity product of titanium and nitrogen for TiN inclusion precipitation also declined gradually. With the same condition of initial Ti and N content in liquid steel, the size of TiN inclusion precipitated in tire cord steel of higher carbon content is bigger than that of lower carbon content. In order to control the harmful effects on processability of TiN inclusion precipitated in hypereutectoid tire cord steel of the ultra high strength level, the measures of smelting process must be taken to further reduce the titanium and nitrogen content in liquid steel.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Y. Jiang, J. Lei, J. Zhang, R. Xiong, F. Zou and Z. Xue, "Effect of Carbon Content on Ti Inclusion Precipitated in Tire Cord Steel," Journal of Surface Engineered Materials and Advanced Technology, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 283-286. doi: 10.4236/jsemat.2013.34038.


[1] J. L. Lei, Z. L. Xue and Y. D. Jiang, “Study on TiN Precipitation during Solidification of Hypereutectoid Tire Cord Steel,” Metalurgia International, Vol. 17, No. 9, 2012, pp. 10-15.
[2] I. Ohnaka, “Mathematical Analysis of Solute Redistribution during Solidification with Diffusion in Solid Phase,” Transaction ISIJ, Vol. 26, No. 12, 1986, pp. 1045-1051.
[3] E. P. Chen, “Calculation Method and Empirical Formula for Melting Point of Fe-Based, Ni-Based and Co-Based Alloy,” Special Steel, Vol. 13, No. 2, 1992, pp. 25-30.
[4] J. Fu, J. Zhu and L. Di, “Research on Precipitation Regularity of TiN in Micro Alloy Steel,” Acta Metallurgica Sinica, Vol. 36, No. 8, 2000, pp. 801-804.
[5] L. K. Liang, “Metallurgical Thermodynamics and Kinetics,” Northeast University Press, Shenyang, 1990, pp. 30-31.
[6] Z. T. Ma and J. Dieter, “Characteristic of Oxide Precipitation and Growth during Solidification of Deoxidized Steel,” ISIJ International, Vol. 1, No. 38, 1988, pp. 46-52.
[7] Y. Qu, “Steelmaking Principles,” Metallurgical Industry Press, Beijing, Vol. 8, 1983, pp. 294-313.
[8] Y. Ueshima, S. Mizoguchi and T. Matsumiya, “Analysis of Solute Distribution in Dendrites of Carbon Steel with Transformation Solidification,” Metallurgical Transaction, Vol. 17B, No. 4, 1986, pp. 845-859.
[9] P. A. Manohar, D. P. Dunne and T. Chandra, “Grain Growth Predictions in Microalloyed Steels,” ISIJ International, Vol. 36, No. 2, 1996, p. 194.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.