New Approach in Processing of the Infrared Image Sequence for Moving Dim Point Targets Detection


The development of an efficient moving target detection algorithm in IR-image sequence is considered one of the most critical research fields in modern IRST (Infrared Search and Track) systems, especially when dealing with moving dim point targets. In this paper we propose a new approach in processing of the Infrared image sequence for moving dim point targets detection built on the transformation of the IR-image sequence into 4-vectors for each frame in the sequence. The results of testing the proposed approach on a set of frames having a simple single pixel target performing a different motion patterns show the validity of the approach for detecting the motion, with simplicity in calculation and low time consumption.

Share and Cite:

M. M. and H. Li, "New Approach in Processing of the Infrared Image Sequence for Moving Dim Point Targets Detection," Journal of Signal and Information Processing, Vol. 4 No. 3B, 2013, pp. 144-149. doi: 10.4236/jsip.2013.43B025.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] D. S. Chan, “Unified Framework for IR Target Detection and Tracking,” Proceedings of SPIE 1698, Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 1992, 1992, pp. 66-76. doi:10.1117/12.139403
[2] R. J. Liou and M. R. Azimi-Sadjadi, "Dim Target Detection using High Order Correlation Method," Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on, Vol. 29, 1993, pp. 841-856. doi:10.1109/7.220935
[3] G. Boccignone, A. Chianese and A. Picariello, "Small Target Detection using Wave-lets," in Pattern Recognition, 1998. Proceedings. Fourteenth International Conference on, Vol. 2, 1998, pp. 1776-1778.
[4] J. F. o. Rivest and R. Fortin, "Detection of Dim Targets in Digital Infrared Imagery by Morphological Image Processing," Optical Engineering, Vol. 35, pp. 1886-1893, 1996. doi:10.1117/1.600620
[5] T. J. Patterson, D. M. Chabries and R. W. Christiansen, "Image Processing For Target Detection Using Data From A Staring Mosaic Ir Sensor In Geosynchronous Orbit," Optical Engineering, Vol. 25, pp. 251-258, 1984.
[6] Y. Jihui, K. Yongjin, L. Boohwan, K. Jieun and C. Byungin, "Improved Small Target Detection for IR Point Target," in Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, 2009. IRMMW-THz 2009. 34th International Conference on, 2009, pp. 1-2.
[7] N. C. Mohanty, "Computer Tracking of Moving Point Targets in Space," Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on, Vol. PAMI-3, pp. 606-611, 1981. doi:10.1109/TPAMI.1981.4767153
[8] I. S. Reed, R. M. Gagliardi and H. M. Shao, "Application of Three-Dimensional Filtering to Moving Target Detection," Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on, vol. AES-19, 1983, pp. 898-905. doi:10.1109/TAES.1983.309401
[9] I. S. Reed, R. M. Gagliardi and L. B. Stotts, "Optical Moving Target Detection with 3-D Matched Filtering," Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 24, 1988, pp. 327-336. doi:10.1109/7.7174
[10] A. D. Stocker and P. D. Jensen, "Algorithms and Architectures for Imple-menting Large-velocity Filter Banks," Proceedings of SPIE 1481, Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 1991, 1991, pp. 140-155.
[11] W. B. Kendall, A. D. Stocker and W. J. Jacobi, "Velocity Filter Algorithms for Improved Target Detection and Tracking with Multi-ple-Scan Data," Proceedings of SPIE 1096, Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 1989, pp. 127-139, 1989.
[12] H. E. Rauch, W. I. Futterman and D. B. Kemmer, "Background Suppression and Tracking with A Staring Mosaic Sensor," Optical Engineering, 1981, Vol. 20, pp. 201103-201103. doi:10.1117/12.7972672
[13] E. T. Lim, S. D. Deshpande, C. W. Chan and R. Venkateswarlu, "Dim Point Target Detection in IR Imagery using Multistage IIR Filter," Proceedings of SPIE 4025, Acquisition, Tracking, and Pointing XIV, 2000, pp. 194-202.
[14] D. Liu, J. Zhang and W. Dong, "Temporal Profile Based Small Moving Target Detection Algorithm in Infrared Image Sequences," International Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves, Vol. 28, 2007, pp. 373-381.
[15] J. Silverman, J. M. Mooney and C. E. Caefer, "Tracking point targets in cloud clutter," Proc. SPIE 3110, 10th Meeting on Optical Engineering in Israel, 1997, pp. 496-507. doi:10.1117/12.281362
[16] A. P. Tzannes and D. H. Brooks, "Temporal Filters for Point Target Detection in IR Imagery," Proceedings of SPIE 3061, Infrared Technology and Applications XXIII, 1997, pp. 508-520.
[17] J. M. Mooney, J. Silverman and C. E. Caefer, "Point Target Detection in Consecutive Frame Staring Infrared Imagery with Evolving Cloud Clutter," Optical Engineering, vol. 34, pp. 2772-2784, 1995. doi:10.1117/12.210757
[18] W. Zhang, J. Gong, Q. Hou, and C. Bian, "Point Target Detection Based on Nonlinear Spatial-temporal Filter in Infrared Image Sequences and Its Analysis," Proc. SPIE 8558, Optoelectronic Imaging and Multimedia Technology II, 2012, pp. 85582E-85582E. doi:10.1117/12.2000626
[19] Y. Barniv, "Dynamic Programming Solution for Detecting Dim Moving Targets," Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on, Vol. AES-21, 1985, pp. 144-156. doi:10.1109/TAES.1985.310548
[20] J. F. Arnold and H. Pasternack, "Detection and Tracking of Low-observable Targets through Dynamic Programming," Proc. SPIE 1305, Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 1990, 1990, pp. 207-217.
[21] S. D. Blostein and T. S. Huang, "Detecting Small, Moving Objects in Image Sequences using Sequential Hypothesis Testing," Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on, Vol. 39, 1991, pp. 1611-1629. doi:10.1109/78.134399
[22] S. Pohlig, "Spatial-temporal Detection of Electrooptic moving Targets," Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on, Vol. 31, 1995, pp. 608-616. doi:10.1109/7.381909
[23] A. Hamdulla and L. Xingke, "High-Resolution Bayes Detection of Dim Moving Point Target in IR Image Sequence Using Probabilistic Data Association Filter," in Computer Science and Software Engineering, 2008 International Conference on, 2008, pp. 365-368.
[24] B. Liu, Z. Shen, Z. Li and Z. Sun, "New Method of Detecting Moving Dim-point Targets in Image Sequences," Proc. SPIE 1954, Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 1993, 1993, pp. 167-172.doi:10.1117/12.157796

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.