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Analysis of Thermal Conductivity of Frost on Cryogenic Finned-tube Vaporizer Using Fractal Method

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DOI: 10.4236/epe.2013.54B021    2,634 Downloads   4,067 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Thermal conductivity of frost is not only related to density, but also affected by its microstructure and environmental conditions, and it will continuously change with the formation and growth of frost. Images of frost formation and growth on the cryogenic surface in various shapes at different stages were obtained by experimental measurements, and a numerical simulation of frost formation and growth was carried out based on Diffusion Limited Aggregation (DLA) model of fractal theory in this paper. Based on the frost structure obtained by experiment, the fractal dimension of pore area distribution and porosity of frost layer on the cryogenic finned-tube vaporizer were calculated by using fractal method, and combined with heat conduction model of frost layer obtained by thermal resistance method, the thermal conductivity of frost on the cryogenic surface was calculated. The result shows that the thermal conductivity calculated by the fractal model coincides with the range of the experimental data. Additionally, comparison with other heat conduction models indicated that it is feasible to introduce the fractal dimension of pore area distribution into heat conduction model to deduce the thermal conductivity of frost.

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S. Chen, S. Yao and F. Xie, "Analysis of Thermal Conductivity of Frost on Cryogenic Finned-tube Vaporizer Using Fractal Method," Energy and Power Engineering, Vol. 5 No. 4B, 2013, pp. 109-115. doi: 10.4236/epe.2013.54B021.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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