Differences between In-Field and Out-of-Field History Teachers Influence on Students Learning Experience in Malaysian Secondary Schools


The focus of this study was to investigate whether there were differences between the way in-field and out-of-field teachers in Malaysian secondary schools perceived and practiced History education, and the way their students perceived the teaching and learning of History.Both, teacher and student data were examined. A statistical analysis was conducted to validate the survey and test the relationships between variables. The results showed that there were significant differences between in-field and out-of-field teachers in the teacher characteristics of experience and student variables of classroom climate and History learning outcomes, but not on teaching approaches and methods.

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Mohd. Salleh, U. & Darmawan, I. (2013). Differences between In-Field and Out-of-Field History Teachers Influence on Students Learning Experience in Malaysian Secondary Schools. Creative Education, 4, 5-9. doi: 10.4236/ce.2013.49B002.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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