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Evaluation of Stress Strain Patterns in a Stentless Aortic Valve and Its Leaflets

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DOI: 10.4236/ss.2011.21007    5,335 Downloads   8,432 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Objective: To design a new trileaflet aortic valve and investigate its mechanical behavior using finite ele- ment methods. Background: Quantification of aortic valve deformation during cardiac cycle is essential in understanding normal and pathological valvular function and eventually in the design of valves. We have designed and analyzed a new tissue valve model to investigate the mechanics of the valve and its components. Methods: Steps involves in 3D CAD based geometric modeling of a trileaflet aortic valve and the effects of different component dimensions on the mechanical behavior of valve is presented in this paper. Conceptual designing of individual components was used to build the total geometric model. Different physiological pressures were applied on the valve model and its deformation patterns were studied. Results: A new geometric model of a trileaflet aortic valve was designed. Its mechanical behavior was studied. Geometric analysis and simulation of these models enhanced the designer to optimize the geometry suitable for performance during and after implantation. Conclusion: The geometry-based model presented here allows determining quickly if the new set of valve component dimensions results in a functional valve. This is of great interest to designers of new prosthetic heart valve models, as well as to surgeons involved in valve- sparing surgery.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

G. Kumar and L. Mathew, "Evaluation of Stress Strain Patterns in a Stentless Aortic Valve and Its Leaflets," Surgical Science, Vol. 2 No. 1, 2011, pp. 25-30. doi: 10.4236/ss.2011.21007.

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