Evaluation of TlOH Effect for Pd0-Mediated Cross-Coupling of Methyl Iodide and Excess Boronic Acid Ester toward Fabrication of [11C]CH3-Incorporated PET Tracer


The use of thallium(I) hydroxide (TlOH) as a base is known to extremely accelerate the Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction using organoboronic acid or organoboronic acid ester as a substrate. Here, we investigated the effects of TlOH by comparing with other conventional bases such as KOH, K2CO3, and CsF for Pd0-mediated rapid cross-coupling reactions between CH3I and organoborane reagents, such as phenyl-, (Z)-4-benzyloxy-2-butenyl-, and benzylboronic acid pinacol esters under the conditions CH3I/borane/Pd0/base (1:40:1:3) in THF/H2O or DMF/H2O for 5 min with an aim to fabricate a PET tracer efficiently. Consequently, however, the use of TlOH was much less efficient than the other bases for the acceleration of cross-coupling reactions. Thus, it was reconfirmed that the milder and non-toxic conditions using K2CO3 or CsF so far developed by our group were most appropriate for the rapid C-methylations.

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H. Koyama, H. Doi and M. Suzuki, "Evaluation of TlOH Effect for Pd0-Mediated Cross-Coupling of Methyl Iodide and Excess Boronic Acid Ester toward Fabrication of [11C]CH3-Incorporated PET Tracer," International Journal of Organic Chemistry, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2013, pp. 220-223. doi: 10.4236/ijoc.2013.33030.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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