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Amelioration of Albuminuria in Japanese Type 2 Diabetic Patients by Maximal Dose of Candesartan

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DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2013.35034    2,810 Downloads   4,510 Views  

ABSTRACT

Introduction: It was recently reported that candesartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker, had a protective effect against cardiovascular events, comparable to that of calcium channel antagonists. Moreover, a renoprotective effect and anti-diabetic action of candesartan had also been demonstrated. However, whether the renoprotective effect of candesartan, especially in diabetes, was dose-dependent or not remain to be fully elucidated. The present study attempted to clarify the dose effect of renoprotection by candesartan in Japanese type 2 diabetic patients. Subjects and Method: In this case series study, we recruited 26 type 2 diabetic patients with albuminuria whose blood pressure did not reach the target BP level (<130/80 mmHg) despite administration of 4 or 8 mg/day of candesartan. Subsequently, these lower doses of candesartan were increased to the maximal dose in Japan, 12 mg/day. Clinical parameters were examined before, at 6 and 12 months after the increase in dose. Results: An ameliorating effect of the increased dose of candesartan on albuminuria and hypertension was distinctly observed. No severe adverse effect was observed. Conclusion: It was highly possible that the maximal dose of candesartan provided more effective renoprotection in hypertensive type 2 diabetic patients initially treated with lower doses of candesartan.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Oikawa, Y. , Shimada, A. and Kyo, M. (2013) Amelioration of Albuminuria in Japanese Type 2 Diabetic Patients by Maximal Dose of Candesartan. Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, 3, 252-258. doi: 10.4236/ojemd.2013.35034.

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