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Total IgA and IgA reactivity to antigen I/II epitopes in HLA-DRB1*04 positive subjects

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DOI: 10.4236/oji.2013.33012    4,104 Downloads   6,368 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Bacterial adherence to the acquired dental pellicle, important in dental caries (caries), is mediated by receptor-adhesins such as salivary agglutinin binding to Streptococcus mutans antigen I/II (I/II). Ten selected I/II epitopes were chosen to determine their reactivity to human salivary IgA. Previous studies suggested that a specific HLA biomarker group (HLA-DRB1*04) may have differential influence of immune responses to I/II. However, it was not known whether secretory IgA (SIgA) responses to the selected epitopes from HLA-DRB1*04 positive subjects were different compared to controls, or across other caries-related factors such as total IgA (TIgA). Thirty-two total subjects were matched according to HLA type, gender, ethnicity and age. HLA genotyping, oral bacterial, immunoglobulin and antibody analyses were performed. A large observed difference emerged with regard to the natural immune reservoir of TIgA in HLA-DRB1*04 positive subjects, specifically, a 27.6% reduction compared to controls. In contrast to all other epitopes studied, HLA-DRB1*04 positive subjects also exhibited reduced reactivity to I/II epitope 834-853. HLA-DRB1*04 positive subjects exhibited lower specific SIgA activity/TIgA to 834-853 and also a lower specific reactivity to 834-853/whole cell S. mutans UA159. Furthermore, HLA-DRB1*04 positive subjects exhibited lower responses to I/II in its entirety. The large observed difference in TIgA and the 834-853 reactivity pattern across multiple measures suggest potentially important connections pertaining to the link between HLA-DRB1*04 and caries.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

McCarlie, V. , Hartsfield Jr, J. , Blum, J. , González-Cabezas, C. , Chin, J. , Eckert, G. , Morford, L. , Pescovitz, M. , Rodriguez, H. , Fontana, M. and Gregory, R. (2013) Total IgA and IgA reactivity to antigen I/II epitopes in HLA-DRB1*04 positive subjects. Open Journal of Immunology, 3, 82-92. doi: 10.4236/oji.2013.33012.

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