Optimizing the Properties of Polyether Based Polyurethane Foam


Effect of different chemicals and additives used in producing polyester foam was investigated. Reference samples were produced from polyol, toluene di isocyanate (TDI), amine stannous octoate distil water, and silicone oil using laboratory mix formulation based on 500 g polyether based polyol. Other samples were produced by consecutively varying the content of all the additives with the exception of polyol. Standard sample dimensions for density test, indentation test, compression set test, tensile strength and elongation tests were produced from the samples. The various tests were carried out on the samples using the ASTM-D3574 standards. It was observed that the degree of indentation affects the value of indentation hardness and increasing the percentage content of TDI results in acceptable compression set value for the polyester samples. It was concluded that Holding all other parameters constant, reducing the water content and increasing the TDI content will yield polyester foam of optimum properties.

Share and Cite:

Aramide, F. , Atanda, P. and Olorunniwo, E. (2013) Optimizing the Properties of Polyether Based Polyurethane Foam. Open Journal of Polymer Chemistry, 3, 86-91. doi: 10.4236/ojpchem.2013.34015.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] J. W. Nicholson, “The Chemistry of Polymers,” 2nd Edition, The Royal Society of Chemistry, Athe Naeum Press, London, 1997, pp. 133-136.
[2] M. Surendra Kumar, N. Sharma and B. C. Ray, “Structural Integrity of Glass/Polyester Composites at Liquid Nitrogen Temperature,” Journal of Rein-forced Plastics and Composites, Vol. 28, No. 11, 2009, pp. 1297-1304. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0731684408088889
[3] N. Mallick, “Composite Materials Technology, Processes and Properties,” Hanser Publishers, Munchen, 1990.
[4] C. H. Hare, “Protective Coatings,” 1994, pp. 149-163.
[5] M. Rojek and J. Stabik, “The Influence of X-Rays on Strength Properties of Polyester Vascular System Prosthesis,” Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2009, pp. 47-54.
[6] S. B. Abdessalem, S. Mokhtar, H. Bellaissia and B. Durand, “Mechanical Behavior of a Textile Polyester Vascular Prosthesis: Theoretical and Experimental Study,” Textile Research Journal, Vol. 75, No. 11, 2005, pp. 784-788. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0040517505057168
[7] N. Blanchemain, T. Laurent, F. Chai, Ch. Neut, S. Haulon, V. Krump-Konvalinkova, M. Morcellet, B. Martel, C. J. Kirkpatrick and H. F. Hildebrand, “Polyester Vascular Prostheses Coated with a Cyclodextrin Polymer and Activated with Antibiotics: Cytotoxicity and Microbiological Evaluation,” Acta Biomaterialia, Vol. 4, No. 6, 2008, pp. 1725-1733. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2008.07.001
[8] A. Cardon, N. Chakfé, F. Thaveau, E. Gagnon, O. Hartung, S. Aillet, Y. Kerdiles, Y.-M. Dion, J.-G. Kretz and Ch. J. Doillon, “Sealing of Polyester Prostheses with Autologous Fibrin Glue and Bone Marrow,” Annals of Vascular Surgery, Vol. 14, No. 6, 2000, pp. 543-552. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s100169910102
[9] M. Balazic and J. Kopac, “Improvements of Medical Implants Based on Modern Materials and New Technologies,” Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2007, pp. 31-34.
[10] S. Gogolewski and G. Galletti, “Degradable, Microporous Vascular Prosthesis from Segmented Polyurethane,” Colloid and Polymer Science, Vol. 264, No. 10, 1986, pp. 854-858. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01410635
[11] D. Makanjuola, “Handbook of Flexible Foam Manufacture,” Temm Consulting Ltd, Nigeria, 1999.
[12] K. Uhlig, “Discovering Polyurethanes,” Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich, 1999.
[13] R. Simpson, “Polymer Development—The Road Map,” TCE Today, 2004.
[14] G. Woods, “The ICI Polyurethanes Book,” 2nd Edition, ICI Polyurethanes and Wiley, Chichester, 1990.
[15] O. O. Ogunleye, F. A. Oyawale and G. A. Odewole, “Optimum Allocation of Silicone Oil in the Flexible Polyurethane Foam Production,” Journal of Science Engineering and Technology, Vol. 8, No. 19, 2006.
[16] UT, “Global Polyurethane Industry Directory 2001,” Crain Communications, London, 2000.
[17] M. O. Edoga and E. A, Egila, “Development and Characterization of Flexible Polyurethane Foam: Part I—Physicochemical and Mechanochemical Properties,” Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 8, 2008, pp. 647-650.

Copyright © 2021 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.