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Generation and Propagation of Ultrasonic Waves in Piezoelectric Graphene Nanoribbon

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DOI: 10.4236/oja.2013.33A007    4,495 Downloads   7,383 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Generation and propagation of ultrasonic waves in single layer Graphene Nanoribbon is studied using semi-classical approach. When piezoelectric Graphene Nanoribbon (GNR) is exposed to time varying light beam, ultrasonic waves are produced which propagate in the medium. At low frequencies, we observed oscillations of the ultrasonic observables, velocity change and attenuation which are characteristics of massless Dirac fermions in graphene. Exploiting this oscillatory behavior, we estimate graphenes electronic mobility to be around . Propagating ultrasonic waves can be amplified, depending on the electric field amplitude. Specifically, amplification occurs when drift velocity exceeds sound velocity. This scheme can be employed for efficient ultrasonic amplifier device operation.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. Rabiu, S. Y. Mensah, S. S. Abukari, M. Amekpewu, B. Sefa-Ntiri and A. Twum, "Generation and Propagation of Ultrasonic Waves in Piezoelectric Graphene Nanoribbon," Open Journal of Acoustics, Vol. 3 No. 3A, 2013, pp. 38-42. doi: 10.4236/oja.2013.33A007.

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