Factors Influencing Household Food Security Status
Sharafkhani Rahim, Dastgiri Saeed, Gharaaghaji Asl Rasool, Ghavamzadeh Saeed
DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.21004   PDF    HTML     10,499 Downloads   23,746 Views   Citations


Poor nutrition can lead to reduced immunity, impaired physical and mental development and reduced productivity. The objectives of this study were to determine the Influencing factors on the household food insecurity status. This cross-sectional study conducted on 2500 households selected from Qaresoo region in the northwest of Iran. Household food security status measured by a validated short questionnaire including six questions and other required data (influencing factors) obtained alongside the validated questionnaire. Chisquare and logistic regression used for data analysis using SPSS software. Forty Percent of households suffered from low food insecurity and twenty percent had experienced very low food insecurity. Severity of household food insecurity increased with increasing distance from the city (Exp (B) = 1.05, 95% C.I = 1.03-1.07). It decreased with increasing centers that provides food (Exp (B) = 0.97, 95% C.I = 0.97-0.98) Residential infrastructure (Exp (B) = 0.99, 95% C.I = 0.98-0.99) Family size (Exp (B) = 0.92, 95% C.I = 0.87-0.98) and the presence of both parents in comparison the presence of single parent at home (Exp (B) = 0.46, 95% C.I = 0.32-0.66). Spearman correlation test also showed that mean per capita income had a significant inverse correlation with household food insecurity status. (Correlation coefficient = –0.3, P < 0.05). Socioeconomic factors were affecting the household food insecurity status. More studies seem to be essential in order to provide practical solutions to reduce the severity of food insecurity.

Share and Cite:

S. Rahim, D. Saeed, G. Rasool and G. Saeed, "Factors Influencing Household Food Security Status," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 2 No. 1, 2011, pp. 31-34. doi: 10.4236/fns.2011.21004.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] WHO (World Health Organization), Fact Sheet: Second WHO European Action Plan for Food and Nutrition Policy: Tackling Noncommunicable and Acute Diseases, pp. 1-2.
[2] World Bank, Poverty and Hunger: Issues and Options for Food Security in Developing Countries, World Bank Policy Study, Washington D. C., 1986.
[3] M. Nord, M. S. Andrews and S. Carlson, Household Food Security in the United States, Washington D. C., 2005.
[4] http://www.worldhunger.org/articles/Learn/world%20hunger%20facts%202002.htm
[5] IFT, Number of “Food-Insecure” People Increases Worldwide, Institute of Food Technologists Weekly, 2008.
[6] M. Nord, M. Andrews and S. Carlson, Household Food Security in the United States, 2008.
[7] http://www.fao.org/hunger/hunger_home/hunger_at_glance/en/
[8] United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, All Human Rights for All: Fiftieth Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Geneva, Switzerland, 1998.
[9] A. R. Ostadrahimi, S. A. Mahboob, H. Tutunchi, S. Dastgiri and L. Dadgar, “The Prevalence and Extent of Food Insecurity in Two Dimensions (Hidden & Reveal Hunger) in Asad Abad Tabriz,” Journal of Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2005, pp. 61-66.
[10] T. Ramesh, A. D. Motlagh and M. Abdollahi, “Prevalence of Food Insecurity on Urban Household in Shiraz City and It’s Related Socioeconomic Factors,” Iranian Journal of nutrition and food technology, Vol. 1388, No. 4, pp. 53-64.
[11] N. Piaseu and P. Mitchell, “Household Food Insecurity among Urban Poor in Thailand,” Journal of Nurs Schlarsh, Vol. 36, 2004, pp. 115-121. doi:10.1111/j.1547-5069.2004.04023.x
[12] J. AliHosseini, “Demographic and Social Factors Associated with Food Insecurity in Households Covered by Imdad Committee,” Tehran (zone-20), Masters Thesis in Demography, Tehran University, 2005.
[13] http://www.oregon.gov/DHS/assistance/foodstamps/nutrition/index.shtml
[14] http://www.fns.usda.gov/pd/SNAPsummary.htm
[15] http://www.fns.usda.gov/fns/nutrition.htm

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.