Methodological Approach of Decision Support for the Development Choices of an Abandoned Quarry (The Landfill of Mohammedia-Morocco)


The principal component analysis of the landfill of Mohammedia, was carried out by monitoring and spatiotemporal analysis of a number of physical and chemical tracers (temperature, pH, salinity, conductivity, dissolved oxygen, suspended solids, TOC and metal) of superficial waters during the years 2010-2012. It has, on the one hand, to evaluate several options in situations where no possibility is perfect, and secondly, to visualize the distribution of different individuals (wells), which gave an idea of their similarity relative the measured variables revealed two major groups: The group I is close to the proximal region of the river and landfill and submitted to direct influences of the latter and the group II, with transitional character between wells in Group I, which is characterized by a relatively high TOC showing a deteriorated water quality. And for the potential damage caused by the landfill of the waters of river El Maleh, the identification of suitable rehabilitation plan for this landfill becomes a necessity.

Share and Cite:

N. Ezzirari and L. Bahi, "Methodological Approach of Decision Support for the Development Choices of an Abandoned Quarry (The Landfill of Mohammedia-Morocco)," Open Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2013, pp. 162-165. doi: 10.4236/ojce.2013.33019.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] A. Serghini, M. Ferkhaoui, A. El abidi, S. El blidi and R. Ben Akkam, “Hydrochemical Characterization of a Ramsar Site: The Wetland Complex of Mohammedia (Morocco),” Bulletin of the Scientific Institute, Rabat, Division of Life Sciences, Vol. 32, No. 2, 2010, pp. 133-145.
[2] A. Boustani, “Solid Waste Managemen Mesbahiat,” Ministry of Environment of Mohammedia, 2008.
[3] J. Destombos and A. Jeannet, “Memory Understanding the Geotechnical Map of Meseta Coast East of Casablanca 1/5000 Regions,” Mohammedia Bouznika and Ben Sliman, 1966.
[4] R. El Hamoumi and A. Qninba, “Nesting of Grey Heron Ardea Cinerea Linnaeus, on 1758 (Ciconiiformes, Ardeidae) in Mohammedia (Moroccan Atlantic Coast) 2007 & 2008,” Bulletin of the Scientific Institute, Rabat, Division of Life Sciences, Vol. 30, 2008, pp. 51-52.
[5] R. El Hamoumi, S. Hammada, O. Himmi and M. Fekhaoui, “Form of ‘Wetlands of the River el Maleh’. Project to Inscribe New Sites Moroccans on the Ramsar List of Zones Importance of Wet Internationale,” WWF International—HCEFLCD—Inst. Sci., Rabat, 2003.
[6] N. Ezzirari, et al., “Impact of Exploitation of Quarries on the Environment and Their Rehabilitations,” Journal of Materials and Environmental Science, Vol. 3, No. 4, 2012, pp. 662-669.
[7] A. Noury, “Impacts of Human Activities on Wetlands: The Wetland Area of City of Mohammedia,” Memory of Diploma of Higher Depth Study. Mohammed V University, School EMI. Rabat, Vol. 15, 2000, pp. 17-20,31,38.
[8] Rno, “National Network of Observation. Current Program Contaminants in Living Matter, Heavy Metals in Sediments of the Bay of the Seine (Campaign 1993),” Work of the RNO, Ifremer and Minister Planning an Environment, Le Havre, 1995, 36 p.
[9] J. Rodier, “The Analysis of Natural Water, Water Waste,” Seawater, 8th Edition, Dénod, 1996, 1383 p.
[10] N. Ezzirari, et al., “Physico-Chemical Characterization of the Landfill of Mohammedia (Morocco),” International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, Vol. 2, No. 5, 2012, pp. 835-845.
[11] Y. Hamdy and L. Post, “Distribution of Mercury, Trace Organics and Other Heavy Metals in Detroit River Sediment,”Journal of Great Lakes Research, Vol. 11, No. 3, 1985, pp. 353-365.
[12] Y. Sabhi, “Toxicologie des Metaux Lourds chez les Organismes Aquatiques: Aspects Environnementaux et Expérimentaux,” Thèse de 3ème Cycle, Mohammed V University Faculty of Science Rabat, 1990, 232 p.
[13] Usepa, “Recommended Protocols for Measuring Trace Metals in Puget Sound Sediments and Tissue Samples,” Puget Sound Protocols, Prepared by Tetra Tech inc. for the United States Environmental Protection Agency, 1986.
[14] A. Nicolaidou and J. A. Nott, “Metal in Sediment, Seagrass and Gasteropods near a Nickel Smelter in Greece: Possible Interactions,”Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 36, No. 5, 1998, pp. 360-365.
[15] R. El hamoumi and A. Oninba, “Nesting of Grey Heron Ardea Cinerea Linnaeus, 1758 (Ciconiiformes, Ardeidae) in Mohammedia (Morocco’s Atlantic Coast) in 2008,” Bulletin 2007 and of the Scientific Institute, Rabat, Life Sciences Division, No. 30, 2008, pp. 51-52.
[16] S. Souabi, K. Touzare, K. Digua, H. Chtioui, F. Khalil and M. Tahiri, “Sorting and Valuation Solid Waste in the Garbage Dump of the City of Mohammedia,” Thesis in Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technical Chemistry Department Fes, Vol. 6, No. 25, 2011.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.