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Architecture Design of an Integrated Communication and Broadcasting Network

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DOI: 10.4236/wsn.2010.212112    5,104 Downloads   8,533 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Due to the power limitation of nodes in wire-less sensor networks (WSNs), how to maximize network lifetime has become a critical issue for deployment of WSNs. Although several schemes have been proposed for 2D WSNs, few for 3D WSNs are known. In this paper, we present a scheme to maximize network lifetime for 3D WSNs through balancing energy consumption, as an extension of the existing scheme for 2D WSNs proposed recently [1]. Same as [1], we formulate the energy consumption balancing problem as an problem of optimal distribution of transmitting data by combining the techniques of sphere-corona based network division, mixed-routing and data aggregation. We first present a Tiled-block based routing scheme in order to balance energy consumption among nodes in each sphere-corona. Then we design an algorithm to compute the optimal distribution ratio of transmitting data between direct and hop-by-hop transmission, with the purpose of balancing energy consumption among nodes across different sphere-coronas. We show maximizing network lifetime through computing the optimal number of sphere-coronas. Afterwards a energy consumption balanced data collecting protocol (ECBDC) is designed and a solution to extend ECBDC to largescale WSNs is also presented. Simulaiton results show that ECBDC is superior to conventional direct and multihop transmission schemes in network lifetime.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

W. Liu, J. Wu and H. Shen, "Architecture Design of an Integrated Communication and Broadcasting Network," Wireless Sensor Network, Vol. 2 No. 12, 2010, pp. 936-950. doi: 10.4236/wsn.2010.212112.

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