Share This Article:

PV-Grid Tie System Energizing Water Pump

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:788KB) PP. 409-418
DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2013.45047    5,433 Downloads   7,604 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This paper presents the behaviours of three-phase induction motor driving centrifugal pump under various solar irradiation levels, where the motor speed and torque depend on the source voltage and frequency, while the water-flow rate depends on the motor speed, density, and static head according to affinity flow. Matlab/Simulink model is proposed for studying the behaviours of these machines with respect to water flow capacity, motor current, electro-magnetic torque, and motor efficiency. The proposed photovoltaic with maximum power point tracking model based on observation and perturbation (O&P) maximum power tracking model is applied. The output voltage is regulated throughout Buck-Boost converter with purpose maintaining the output voltage at predetermined values. Since Induction motors are widely used in pump systems, the electromagnetic torque, water-flow rate are studied for various source frequencies. Comparison analysis is conducted for both motors with respect to water flow-rate, heads elevation, and motor current. In addition to that, the proposed system presents Photovoltaic-Grid (PV-Grid) Integrated model, where the power shortage required for normally operation of the pump is drawn from the electrical grid.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

S. Khader and A. Daud, "PV-Grid Tie System Energizing Water Pump," Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, Vol. 4 No. 5, 2013, pp. 409-418. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2013.45047.

References

[1] Q. Meng and W. Hu, “Roof Cooling Effect with Humid Porous Medium,” Energy and Buildings, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2005, pp. 1-9. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2003.11.004
[2] P. C. Agrawal, “A Review of Passive Systems for Natural Heating and Cooling of Buildings,” Solar and Wind Technology, Vol. 6, No. 5, 1989, pp. 557-567. doi:10.1016/0741-983X(89)90091-X
[3] M. Chikh, A. Mahrane and A. Chikouche, “A Proposal for Simulation and Performance Evaluation of StandAlone PV Systems,” Proceedings of the 23rd EPVSEC, Valence, Spain, 2008, pp. 3579-3584.
[4] E. Worrell, S. Ramesohl and G. Boyd, “Advances in EnErgy Forecasting Models Based on Engineering Economics,” Annual Review of Environmental Resources, Vol. 29, 2004, pp. 345-381. doi:10.1146/annurev.energy.29.062403.102042
[5] S. B. Kjaer, J. K. Pedersen and F. Blaabjerg, “A Review of Single-Phase Grid-Connected Inverters for Photovoltaic Modules,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 41, No. 5, 2005, pp. 1292-1306. doi:10.1109/TIA.2005.853371
[6] I. Odeh, Y. G. Yohanis and B. Norton, “Economic ViabilIty of Photovoltaic Water Pumping Systems,” Journal of Solar Energy, Vol. 80, No. 7, 2006, pp. 850-860. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2005.05.008
[7] I. I. Lonel, “Pumps and Pumping,” Elsevier Publications, Amsterdam, 1986.
[8] E. V. Meidanis, G. A. Vokas and J. K. Kaldellis, “Theoretical Simulation and Experimental Analysis of a PVBased Water Pumping System,” Lab of Soft Energy Applications & Environmental Protection, TEI of Piraeus. powerelectronics.teipir.gr/Papers/MEDPOWER08_170.pdf
[9] J. Appelbaum and J. Bany, “Performance Analysis of DC Motor Photovoltaic Converter System,” Solar Energy, Vol. 22, No. 5, 1979, pp. 439-445. doi:10.1016/0038-092X(79)90173-7
[10] M. Abu-Aligh, “Design of Photovoltaic Water Pumping System and Compare It with Diesel Powered Pump,” JJMIE, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2011, pp. 273-280.
[11] The Mathworks, Inc., “Matlab and Simulink,” Version R2010a. http://www.mathworks.com
[12] S. B. Kjaer, J. K. Pedersen and F. Blaabjerg, “A Review of Single-Phase Grid-Connected Inverters for Photovoltaic Modules,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 41, No. 5, 2005, pp. 1292-1306. doi:10.1109/TIA.2005.853371
[13] S. J. Chapman, “Electric Machinery Fundamentals,” McGraw-Hill, New York, 2003.
[14] G. McPherson and R. D. Laramore, “An Introduction to Electric Machines and Transformers,” Wiley, New York, 1990.
[15] A. K. Daud and M. M. Marwan, “Solar Powered Induction-Motor Water Pump Operating on a Desert Well, Simulation & Field Tests,” Renewable Energy Journal, Vol. 30, No. 5, 2005, pp. 701-714. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2004.02.016
[16] M. Benghanem and A. H. Arab, “Photovoltaic Water Pumping Systems for Algeria,” Desalination, Vol. 209, No. 1-3, 2007, pp. 50-57.
[17] S. Khader and A. K. Daud, “Photovoltaic-Grid Integrated System,” 2012 First International Conference on Renewable Energies and Vehicular Technology, Hammamet, 26-28 March 2012, pp. 60-65. doi:10.1109/REVET.2012.6195249

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.