Challenges of Improving Intensive Care Medicine in Eritrea: Impact of an Italian Cooperative Project of Educational and Clinical Support

DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2013.37069   PDF   HTML     3,484 Downloads   5,005 Views   Citations

Abstract

Intensive care in Africa is available only in teaching or referral hospitals. Here we report the experience of a multidisciplinary collaboration between physicians and nurses of the Emergency Department (First Aid and Intensive Care Unit) of a tertiary referral hospital (Careggi Teaching Hospital, Florence, IT) and physicians and nurses of Orotta National referral Hospital in Asmara, Eritrea. The project was aimed at performing clinical assistance and training on the job to the local staff to improve the standard of care in the local Emergency Department. The duration of the project was initially planned to be 30 months, but unfortunately it was interrupted after 18 months because of lack of funds. The Italian staff was composed of two physicians and two nurses per period. To monitor local ICU activity, a retrospective survey of 36 months was performed. During the 36 months of data collection, 1169 patients were admitted to the ICU. Intra-ICU mortality rate resulted comparable before, during, and after Italian presence. On the contrary, the 28-day mortality resulted significantly lower bo th during and after the Italian stay. After project interruption, the Italian staff maintained contact with the Eritrean ICU personnel, who were invited to attend the Italian ICU for one month per year, and collected information about Orotta ICU activities.

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V. Anichini, G. Zagli, H. Goitom, G. Cianchi, A. Cecchi, L. Perretta, E. Bigazzi, B. Gazzini, S. Proietti, A. Filippo, S. Toccafondi, G. Gensini, G. Berni and A. Peris, "Challenges of Improving Intensive Care Medicine in Eritrea: Impact of an Italian Cooperative Project of Educational and Clinical Support," Open Journal of Anesthesiology, Vol. 3 No. 7, 2013, pp. 315-319. doi: 10.4236/ojanes.2013.37069.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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