Scientific Research

An Academic Publisher

A Space Vector Modulation Based Three-level PWM Rectifier under Simple Sliding Mode Control Strategy ()

**Author(s)**Leave a comment

In this paper, a voltage oriented control strategy for three-level PWM rectifier based on Sliding Mode Control (SMC) is introduced in order to obtain fast and accurate response of dc-bus voltage. To verify the validity of the analysis and the feasibility of the proposed control method a set of simulation tests have been conducted using Matlab/Simulink. The simulation results show that compared to the conventional PI controller, the SMC can reduce drastically the three-level rectifier’s voltage fluctuation and improve the dynamic response of dc-bus significantly.

KEYWORDS

Cite this paper

*Energy and Power Engineering*, Vol. 5 No. 3B, 2013, pp. 28-35. doi: 10.4236/epe.2013.53B007.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

[1] | J. R. Rodigues, J. W. Dixon, J. R. Espinoza, J. Pontt and P. Lezana, “PWM Regenerative Rectifiers: State of Art,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 52, No. 1, 2005, pp. 5-22. doi:10.1109/TIE.2004.841149 |

[2] | M. Liserre, R. Teodorescu and F. Blaabjerg, “Multiple Harmonics Control for Three-Phase Grid Converter Systems with the Use of PI-RES Current Controller in a Rotating Frame,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 21, No. 3, 2006, pp. 836-841. doi:10.1109/TPEL.2006.875566 |

[3] | V. Blasko and V. Kaura, “A New Mathematical Model and Control of a Three-Phase AC-DC Voltage Source Converter,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1997, pp. 116-123.doi:10.1109/63.554176 |

[4] | H. Komurcugil and O. Kukrer, “Lyapunov-Based Control for Three-Phase PWM AC/DC Voltage-Source Converters,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 13, No. 5, 1998, pp. 801 - 813. doi:10.1109/63.712278 |

[5] | T. S. Lee, “Input-Output Linearization and ZeroDynamics Control of Three-Phase AC/DC Voltage-Source Converters,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2003, pp. 11-22. doi:10.1109/TPEL.2002.807145 |

[6] | D. C. Lee, G. M. Lee and K. D. Lee, “DC-Bus Voltage Control of Three-Phase AC/DC PWM Converters Using Feedback Linearization,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 36, No. 3,2000, pp. 826-833. doi:10.1109/28.845058 |

[7] | Y. Ye., M. Kazerani and V. H. Quintana, “Modeling, Control and Implementation of Three-Phase PWM Converters,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 857-864, 2003. |

[8] | H. C. Mao, D. Boroyevich and C. Y. Lee, “Novel Reduced-Order Small-Signal Model of Three-Phase PWM Rectifier and Its Application in Control Design and System Analysis,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 13, No. 3, 1998, pp. 511-521. |

[9] | S. Chattopadhyay and V. Ramanarayanan, “Digital Implementation of a Line Current Shaping Algorithm for Three Phase High Power Factor Boost Rectifier without Input Voltage Sensing,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 19, No. 3, 2004, pp. 709-721. |

[10] | T. T. Jin and K. M. Smedley, “A Universal Vector Controller for Four-Quadrant Three-Phase Power Converters,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems Part I: Fundamental Theory and Applications, Vol. 54, No. 2, 2007, pp. 377-390. |

[11] | J. W. Kolar, H. Ertl, L. Edelmoser and F. C. Zach, “Analysis of the Control Behavior of a Bidirectional Three-Phase PWM Rectifier System,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Power Electron. Appl. 1991, pp. 2095-2100. |

[12] | S. Hiti and D. Boroyevich, “Control of Front-End Three-Phase Boost Rectifier,” IEEE Appl. Power Electron. Conf. Expo., Vol. 2, 1994, pp. 927-933. |

[13] | S. Hiti and D. Boroyevich and C. Cuadros, “Small-Signal Modeling and Control of Three-Phase PWM Converters,"”in Proc. Appl. Soc. Annu. Meeting. Vol. 2, 1994, pp. 1143-1150. |

[14] | D. Graovac and V. Katic, “A Method of PWM Rectifier Control in Voltage Linked AC/DC/AC Converter,” in Proc. 9th Mediterranean Electrotech. Conf. (ME-LECON 1998), Vol. 2, 1998, pp. 1032-1036. |

[15] | J. Clerk Maxwell, “A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism,” 3rd ed, Oxford, Vol. 2, 1892, pp. 68-73. |

[16] | I. S. Jacobs and C. P. Bean, “Fine Particles, Thin Film and Exchange Anisotropy,” in Magnetism, G.T. Rado and H. Suhl, Eds. New York: Academic, Vol. 3, 1963, pp. 271-350. |

[17] | G. Eason, B. Noble and I.N. Sneddon, “On Certain Integrals of Lipschitz-Handkel Type Involving Products of Bessel Functions,” Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London, Vol. A247, 1955, pp. 529-551. |

[18] | K. S. Walgama, S. Ronnback and J. Sternby, “Generalization of Conditioning Technique for Anti-Windup Compensators,” Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Vol. 139 D, No. 2, 1992, pp. 109-118. |

[19] | M. V. Kothare, P. J. Campo, M. Morari and C. N. Nett, “A Unified Frame Work for the Study of Anti-Windup Designs,” Automatica, Vol. 30, No. 12, 1994, pp. 1863-1869. doi:10.1016/0005-1098(94)90048-5 |

[20] | Y. Ping, D. Vrancic and R. Hanus, “Anti-Windup, Bump less, and Conditioned Transfer Techniques for PID Controllers,” IEEE Trans. Contr. Syst. Technol. Vol. 16, 1996, pp. 48-57. doi:10.1109/37.526915 |

[21] | K. Hartani, M. Bourahla, Y. Miloud and M. Sekour, “Electronic Differential with Direct Torque Fuzzy Control for Vehicle Propulsion System,” Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering & Computer Sciences, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2009, pp. 21-38. |

[22] | Y. C. Zhang, Z. M. Zhao, M. Eltawil and L. Q. Yuan, “Performance Evaluation of Three Control Strategies for Three-Level Neutral Point Clamped PWM Rectifier,” in Proc. IEEE APEC’08, 2008, pp. 259-264. |

[23] | T. Lu, Z. M. Zhao, L. O. Yuan and S. P. Wang, “Instantaneous Energy Balacing in Three-Level Neutral Point Clamped Converters,” in Proc. IEEE VPPC’08, Harbin, China, 2008, p. 288. |

[24] | Y. C. Zhang, Z. M. Zhao, L. Q. Yuan, T. Lu and T. CH. Zhang, “Direct Power Control for Three-Level PWM Rectifier,” Transactions of china Electro technical Society, Vol. 23, No. 5, 2008, pp. 62-68. |

[25] | B. Yin, R. Oruganti, S. K. Panda, Ashoka and K. S. Bhat, “A Simple Single-Input-Single-Output (SISO) Model for a Three-Phase PWM Rectifier,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron. Vol. 24, No. 3, 2009, pp. 620-631. |

[26] | B. Singh, B. N. Singh, A. Chandra, K. All-Haddad, A. Pandey and D. P. Kothari, “A Review of Three-Phase Improved Power Quality Ac-Dc Converters,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics,Vol. 51, No. 3, 2004, pp. 641-660. doi:10.1109/TIE.2004.825341 |

[27] | Y. Sud and T. A. Lipo, “Modeling and Analysis of Instantaneous Power Flow for Three-Phase Boost Rectifier under Generalize Unbalanced Network,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 21, No. 3, 2006, pp. 1530-1540. |

[28] | X. H. Wu, S. K. Panda and J. X. Xu, “Analysis of the Instantaneous Power Flow for Three-Phase Boost Rectifier under Unbalanced Supply Voltage Conditions,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 23, No. 4, 2008, pp. 1679-1691. doi:10.1109/TPEL.2008.925158 |

[29] | X. H. Wu, S. K. Panda and J. X. Xu, “Dc Link Voltage and Supply-Side Current Harmonics Minimization of Three-Phase PWM Boost Rectifier Using Frequency Domain Based Repetitive Current Controllers,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 23, No. 4, 2008, pp. 1987-1997. doi:10.1109/TPEL.2008.925428 |

[30] | B. Yin, R. Oruganti, S. K. Panda and A. K. S. Bhat, “An Output-Power-Control Strategy for a Three-Phase PWM Rectifier under Unbalanced Supply Conditions,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. Vol. 55, No. 5, 2008, pp. 2140-2151. |

[31] | D. Roiu, R. Bojoi, L. R. Limongi and A. Tenconi, “New Stationary Frame Control Scheme for Three Phase PWM Rectifier under Unbalanced Voltage Dips Conditions ,” in Proc. IEEE, 2008, pp. 1-7. |

[32] | I. E. otadui, U. Viscarret, M. Caballero, A. Rufer and S. Bacha, “New Optimized PWM VSC Control Structures and Strategies under Unbalanced Voltage Transients,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 54, No. 5, 2007, pp. 2902-2914.doi:10.1109/TIE.2007.901373 |

[33] | A. Vladan Stankovic, and K. Chen, “A New Control Method for In-put-Output Harmonic Elimination of the PWM Boost Rectifier under Extreme Unbalanced Operating Conditions,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 56, No. 7, 2009, pp. 2420-2430. doi:10.1109/TIE.2009.2017550 |

[34] | Z. Li, Y. Li, P. Wang, H. Zhu, C. Liu and F. Gao, “Single-Loop Digital Control of High-Power 400Hz Ground Power Unity for Airplanes,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 57, No. 2, 2010, pp. 532-543. doi:10.1109/TIE.2009.2033490 |

[35] | T. Lu, Z. M. Zhao, Y. C. Zhang, Y. CH. Zhang, and L. Q. yuan, “A Novel Direct Power Control Strategy for Three-Level PWM Rectifier Based on Fixed Synthesizing Vectors,” in Proc. ICEM’08, Wuhan, China, 2008, p. 520. |

[36] | G. C. Chen, “PWM Inverse Technology and Application,” Beijing : Electric Power Publi-cation, 2007. |

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.