Study on the Third-order Nonlinear Optical Properties of bis(tetraethylammonium) bis(1,3-dithiole-2-thione-4,5-dithiolato)cadium


A dmit2- salt: bis(tetraethylammonium)bis(1,3-dithiole-2-thione-4,5-dithiolato)cadium (CADMIT) was synthesized. The Optical Kerr Effect (OKE) signal of its acetonitrile solution was measured by femtosecond optical Kerr gate technique. Using CS2 OKE signal as reference signal measured under identical conditions, the third-order optical nonlinear susceptibility, c(3), of the sample solution was obtained to be about 2.98 x 10-14 esu at the concentration of 1.57 x 10-3 M. The second-order hyperpolarizability of its molecular was estimated to be as large as 1.23 x 10-32 esu. Its response time was about 195 fs, which is believed to be the contribution from the delocalized electrons.

Share and Cite:

H. Yang, F. Zhang, X. Wang and G. Zhang, "Study on the Third-order Nonlinear Optical Properties of bis(tetraethylammonium) bis(1,3-dithiole-2-thione-4,5-dithiolato)cadium," Optics and Photonics Journal, Vol. 3 No. 2B, 2013, pp. 25-28. doi: 10.4236/opj.2013.32B006.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] C. Halvorson, A. Hays, B. Kraabel, R. Wu, F. Wudl and A. J. Heeger, “A 160-Femtosecond Optical Image Processor Based on a Conjugated Polymer,” Science, Vol. 265, 1994,pp. 1215-1216. doi:10.1126/science.265.5176.1215
[2] S. R. Marder, W. E. Torruellas, M. B. Desce, V. Ricci, G. I. Stegeman, S. Gilmour, T. L. Bredas, J. Li, G. U. Bublitz and S. G. Boxer, “Large Molecular Third-Order Optical Nonlinearities in Polarized Carotenoids,” Science, Vol. 276, 1997, pp. 1233-1236. doi:10.1126/science.276.5316.1233
[3] A. P. Slepkov, F. A. Hegmann, Y. M. Zhao, et al., “Ultrafast Optical Kerr Effect Measurements of Third- Order Nonlinearitiesin Cross-Conjugated Iso-Polydiacetylene Oligomers,” Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 116, 2002, pp. 3834-3840. doi:10.1063/1.1447908
[4] A. S. L. Gomes, L. Demenicis, D. V. Petrov, et al., “Time-Resolved Picosecond Optical Nonlinearity and All-Optical Kerr Gate in Poly (3-Hexadecylthiophene),” Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 69, 1996, pp. 2166-2168.
[5] Q. Fang, M. H. Jiang, Z. Qu, J. H. Cai, H. Lei, W. T. Yu, and Z. Zhuo, “Non-Linear Optical Properties of DMIT Derivatives,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 4, 1994, pp. 1041-1045. doi:10.1039/jm9940401041
[6] J. Zhai, C.H. Huang, T.X. Wei, L.B. Gan and H. Cao, “The Photoelectric Conversion and Second Harmonic Generation Properties of the Transition Metal- Containing Coplex-es[(CH3)2NC6H4-CH=CH-C5H4N-C18H37]2M(dmit)2(M=Cd,Ni),”Polyhdron,Vol.18,pp.1513-1518,1999. doi:10.1016/S0277-5387(99)00020-0
[7] C. S. Winter, S. N. Oliver, R. J. Manning, J. D. Rush, et al.,“Non-Linear Optical Studies of Nickel Dithiolene Complexes,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 2, 1992, pp. 443-447. doi:10.1039/jm9920200443
[8] J. L. Zuo, T. M. Yao, F. You, X. Z. You, H. K. Fun and B. C. Yip, “Syntheses, Characterization and Non-Linear Optical Properties of Nickel Complexes of Multi-Sulfur 1,2-Dithioiene with Strong Near-IR Absorption,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 6, 1996, pp. 1633-1637. doi:10.1039/jm9960601633
[9] J. F. Bai, J. L. Zuo, W. L. Tan, W. Ji,Z. Shen, H. K. Fun, et al., “Synthesis, Structure and Optical Limiting Effect of Two Newnickel Complexes Containing Strongly Bound Geometrically Fixedmul-ti-Sul-Fur 1,2-Dithiolene Ligands Showing Remarkable Near-IRab-Sorption,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 9, 1999, pp. 2419-2423. doi:10.1039/a902295c
[10] J. Dai, G. Q. Bian, X. Wang, Q. F. Xu, M. Y. Zhou, M. Munakata, et al., “A New Method to Synthesize Unsymmetrical Dithiolene Metal Complexes of 1,3-Dithiole-2-Thione-4,5-Dithiolate for Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Applications,” Journal of America Chemistry Society, Vol. 122, 2000, pp. 11007-11008. doi:10.1021/ja001976e
[11] C. M. Liu, D. Q. Zhang, Y. L. Song, C. L. Zhan, Y. L. Li and D. B. Zhu, “Synthesis, Crystal Structure and Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Behavior of a Novel Dimeric Mixed-Ligand Zinc(II) Complex of 1,3-Dithiole-2-Thione-4,5-Dithiolate,” European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 2002, 2002, pp. 1591-1594. doi:10.1002/1099-0682(200207)2002:7<1591::AID-EJIC1591>3.0.CO;2-T
[12] C. S. Wang, A. S. Batsanov, M. R. Bryce and J. A. K. Howard, “An Improved Large-Scale (90 g) Synthesis of Bis(tetraethylammnium)Bis(1,3-Dithiole-2-Thione-4,5-Dithiol)zincate:Synthesis and X-ray Crystal Structures of Bicyclic and Tricyclic 1,4-Dithiocines Derived from 1,3-Dithiole-2-thione-4,5-dithiolate(DMIT),”Synthesis,Vol.1998, pp. 1615-1618. doi:10.1055/s-1998-2197
[13] B. K. Mandal, B. Bihari, A. K. Sinha, M. Kamath and L. Chen, “Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Response in A Multilayered Phthalocyanine Composite,” Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 66, 1995, pp. 932-934. doi:10.1063/1.113601
[14] S. F. Wang, W. T. Huang, T. Q. Zhang, H. Yang, et al., “Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Properties of Didodecyldimethylammonium-Au(dmit)2,”Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 75,1999, pp. 1845-1847,.
[15] D. J. Mcgraw, A. E. Siegman, G. M. Wallraff, and R. D. Millar, “Resolution of the Nuclear and Electronic Contributions to the Optical Nonlinearity in Polysilanes,” Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 54, 1989, pp. 1713-1715. doi:10.1063/1.101290
[16] K. Minoshima, M. Taiji and T. Kobayashi, “Femtosecond Time-Resolved Interferometry for the Determinatio of Complex Nonlinear Susceptibility,” Optics Letters, Vol. 16, 1991, pp. 1683-1685. doi:10.1364/OL.16.001683
[17] Q. H. Gong, Y. X. Sun, Z. J. Xia, et al., “Nonresonant Third-Order Optical Nonlinearity of All-Carbon MoleculesC60,”Journal of Applied Phyics, Vol. 71, 1992, pp. 3025-3026. doi:10.1063/1.351391
[18] M. T. Zhao, B. P. Singh and P. N. Prasad, “A Systematic Study of Polarizability and Microscopic Third‐Order Optical Nonlinearity in Thiophene Oligomers,” Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 89, 1988, pp. 5535-5541. doi:10.1063/1.455560

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.