Gender Differences in Employed Job Search: Why Do Women Search Less than Men?


Using an extended panel from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, this study explores the impact of marriage and children on the employed job search behavior of young workers. Estimation results from a bivariate probit model of employed job search that accounts for the selective nature of participation and employment demonstrate that both marriage and children significantly reduce the likelihood of on-the-job search for women but not for men. We find that married women with children have an employed search probability that is 18 percentage points below that of single women without children. Moreover, both the age and number of children present in the household are important determining factors for women in the decision to conduct on-the-job search. The inhibiting effect of children, however, is only pronounced for married women; single women with children are no less likely to search than single women without children.

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J. Yankow and M. Horney, "Gender Differences in Employed Job Search: Why Do Women Search Less than Men?," Modern Economy, Vol. 4 No. 7, 2013, pp. 489-500. doi: 10.4236/me.2013.47053.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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