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Diffusion Analysis of Message Expansion in STITCH-256

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DOI: 10.4236/jis.2013.43015    2,937 Downloads   4,920 Views  

ABSTRACT

Cryptographic hash functions are built up from individual components, namely pre-processing, step transformation, and final processing. Some of the hash functions, such as SHA-256 and STITCH-256, employ non-linear message expansion in their pre-processing stage. However, STITCH-256 was claimed to produce high diffusion in its message expansion. In a cryptographic algorithm, high diffusion is desirable as it helps prevent an attacker finding collision-producing differences, which would allow one to find collisions of the whole function without resorting to a brute force search. In this paper, we analyzed the diffusion property of message expansion of STITCH-256 by observing the effect of a single bit difference over the output bits, and compare the result with that of SHA-256. We repeated the same procedure in 3 experiments of different round. The results from the experiments showed that the minimal weight in the message expansion of STITCH-256 is very much lower than that in the message expansion of SHA-256, i.e. message expansion of STITCH-256 produce high diffusion. Significantly, we showed that the probability to construct differential characteristic in the message expansion of STITCH-256 is reduced.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

N. Jamil, R. Mahmod, M. Z’aba, N. Udzir and Z. Zukarnain, "Diffusion Analysis of Message Expansion in STITCH-256," Journal of Information Security, Vol. 4 No. 3, 2013, pp. 129-137. doi: 10.4236/jis.2013.43015.

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