One-Pot Synthesis of Dimethyl Carbonate over Basic Zeolite Catalysts

DOI: 10.4236/mrc.2013.22A004   PDF   HTML     4,591 Downloads   8,267 Views   Citations


One-pot synthesis of dimethyl carbonate (DMC) from methanol, propylene oxide (PO) and carbon dioxide has been investigated using the basic zeolites as catalysts. Among the zeolites studied, Beta showed the best catalytic performance for DMC production. That the desilication of zeolite structure resulted in a hierarchical porosity of Beta, leading to more amount of KOH can be loaded on the surface of zeolite and therefore enhancing the base strength of the catalyst was proposed to be the reason for improved catalytic performance.

Share and Cite:

Xu, W. , Ji, S. , Quan, W. and Yu, J. (2013) One-Pot Synthesis of Dimethyl Carbonate over Basic Zeolite Catalysts. Modern Research in Catalysis, 2, 22-27. doi: 10.4236/mrc.2013.22A004.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Y. Ono, “Catalysis in the Production and Reactions of Dimethyl Carbonate, an Environmentally Benign Building Block,” Applied Catalysis A: General, Vol. 155, No. 2, 1997, pp. 133-166. doi:10.1016/S0926-860X(96)00402-4
[2] N. Keller, G. Rembmann and V. Keller, “Catalysts, Mechanisms and Industrial Processes for the Dimethyl Carbonate Synthesis,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, Vol. 317, No. 1-2, 2010, pp. 1-18. doi:10.1016/j.molcata.2009.10.027
[3] A. G. Shaikh and S. Sivaram, “Organic Carbonates,” Chemical Reviews, Vol. 96, No. 3, 1996, pp. 951-976. doi:10.1021/cr950067i
[4] M. A. Pacheco and C. L. Marshall, “Review of Dimethyl Carbonate (DMC) Manufacture and Its Characteristics as a Fuel Additive,” Energy Fuels, Vol. 11, No. 1, 1997, pp. 2-29. doi:10.1021/ef9600974
[5] T. Wei, M. H. Wang, W. Wei, Y. H. Sun and B. Zhong, “Synthesis of Dimethyl Carbonate by Transesterification over CaO/Carbon Composites,” Green Chemistry, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2003, pp. 343-346. doi:10.1039/b210716n
[6] U. Romano, “Dimethyl Carbonate and Its Production Technology,” Chimica e l’Industria, Vol. 75, No. 4, 1993, pp. 303-306.
[7] M. H. Wang, H. Wang, N. Zhao, W. Wei and Y. H. Sun, “High-Yield Synthesis of Dimethyl Carbonate from Urea and Methanol Using a Catalytic Distillation Process,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 46, No. 9, 2007, pp. 2683-2687. doi:10.1021/ie061101u
[8] M. Mikkelsen, M. Jorgensen and F. C. Krebs, “The Teraton Challenge. A Review of Fixation and Transformation of Carbon Dioxide,” Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2010, pp. 43-81. doi:10.1039/b912904a
[9] T. Sakakura, J. C. Choi and H. Yasuda, “Transformation of Carbon Dioxide,” Chemical Reviews, Vol. 107, No. 6, 2007, pp. 2365-2387. doi:10.1021/cr068357u
[10] S. Inoue and H. Koinuma, “Catalytic Fixation of Carbon Dioxide by Metal Complexes,” Reviews in Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1984, pp. 291-355.
[11] Y. Li, X. Q. Zhao and Y. J. Wang, “Synthesis of Dimethyl Carbonate from Methanol, Propylene Oxide and Carbon Dioxide over KOH/4A Molecular Sieve Catalyst,” Applied Catalysis A: General, Vol. 279, No. 1-2, 2005, pp. 205-208. doi:10.1016/j.apcata.2004.10.030
[12] H. Y. Cui, T. Wang, F. J. Wang, C. R. Gu and P. L. Wang, “One-Pot Synthesis of Dimethyl Carbonate Using Ethylene Oxide, Methanol, and Carbon Dioxide under Supercritical Conditions,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 42, No. 17, 2003, pp. 3865-3870. doi:10.1021/ie021014b
[13] B. M. Bhanage, S. Fujita, Y. Ikushima, K. Torii and M. Arai, “Synthesis of Dimethyl Carbonate and Glycols from Carbon Dioxide, Epoxides and Methanol Using Heterogeneous Mg Containing Smectite Catalysts: Effect of Reaction Variables on Activity and Selectivity Performance,” Green Chemistry, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2003, pp. 71-75. doi:10.1039/b207750g
[14] J. S. Tian, J. Q. Wang, J. Y. Chen, J. G. Fan, F. Cai and L. N. He, “One-Pot Synthesis of Dimethyl Carbonate Cata- lyzed by n-Bu4NBr/n-Bu3N from Methanol, Epoxides, and Supercritical CO2,” Applied Catalysis A: General, Vol. 301, No. 2, 2006, pp. 215-221. doi:10.1016/j.apcata.2005.12.002
[15] J. Li, L. G. Wang, F. Shi, S. M. Liu, Y. D. He, L. J. Lu and X. Y. Ma, “Quaternary Ammonium Ionic Liquids as Bifunctional Catalysts for One-Step Synthesis of Dimethyl Carbonate from Ethylene Oxide, Carbon Dioxide and Methanol,” Catalysis Letters, Vol. 141, No. 2, 2011, pp. 339-346. doi:10.1007/s10562-010-0498-6
[16] T. Sakakura, J. C. Choi, Y. Saito and T. Sako, “Synthesis of Dimethyl Carbonate from Carbon Dioxide: Catalysis and Mechanism,” Polyhedron, Vol. 19, No. 5, 2000, pp. 573-576. doi:10.1016/S0277-5387(99)00411-8
[17] R. Xu, W. Pang, et al., “Chemistry—Zeolite and Porous Materials (21st Century SP’s Series in Chemistry),” Science Press, Beijing, 2004.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.