Experimental Investigation on the Effect of Reinforcement Particles on the Forgeability and the Mechanical Properties of Aluminum Metal Matrix Composites

DOI: 10.4236/msa.2010.15045   PDF   HTML     6,334 Downloads   12,843 Views   Citations


The wide choice of materials, today’s engineers are posed with a big challenge for the right selection of a material and as well as the right selection of a manufacturing process for an application. Aluminium Metal Matrix Composites is a relatively new material among all the engineering materials. It has proved its position in automobile, aerospace, and many other engineering applications due its wear resistance properties and due to its substantial hardness. One of the most important criteria is forgeability by which the workability of the material can be determined. The nature of distribution of reinforcing phase in the matrix greatly influenced the properties of Aluminum Metal Matrix Composites. The forgeability of Aluminum Metal Matrix Composites, which are produced by powder metallurgy method, are greatly depends on the size and percentage of reinforcement materials, compacting load, sintering temperature and soaking time etc. In this present work, the forgeability of Aluminum Metal Matrix Composites reinforced with silicon carbide (400 meshes) has investigated. A comparison have been made with different types of Aluminum Silicon Carbide Metal Matrix Composite materials contains 0%5%,10%,15%&20% by weight of silicon carbide. The mechanical properties like hardness of the different composites have also investigated. It is observed that the forgeabilty of the composites decreases with increasing the wt% of SiC but the mechanical properties like hardness enhanced on increasing the wt% of SiC.

Share and Cite:

S. Das, R. Behera, A. Datta, G. Majumdar, B. Oraon and G. Sutradhar, "Experimental Investigation on the Effect of Reinforcement Particles on the Forgeability and the Mechanical Properties of Aluminum Metal Matrix Composites," Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 1 No. 5, 2010, pp. 310-316. doi: 10.4236/msa.2010.15045.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] J. H. Shyong and B. Derby, “The Deformation Characteristics of SiC Particulate-Reinforced Aluminium Alloy6061,” Ov/brd OXI 3PH, 1994.
[2] O. Tatsuki, “Microstructural Design and Mechanical Properties of Porous Silicon Nitride Ceramics,” Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. 498, No. 1-2, pp. 5-11
[3] O. Adem, A. Hatem and Y. Fevzi, “Production and Characterization of Silicon Carbide Particulate Reinforced Aluminium–Copper Alloy Matrix Composites by Direct Squeeze Casting Method,” 54188, 2006.
[4] K. M. Shorowordi, T. Laoui, A. S. M. A. Haseeb, J. P. Celis and L. Froyen, “Microstructure and Interface Characteristics of B4C, SiC and Al2O3 Reinforced Al Matrix Composites: A Comparative Study,” Journal of Material Processing Technology, Vol. 142, No. 3, 2003, pp. 738-743.
[5] P. Palash, V. C. Srivastava, P. K. De and K. L. Sahoo, “Processing and Mechanical Properties of SiC Reinforced Cast Magnesium Matrix Composites by Stir Casting Process,” National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jam-shedpur, 2007.
[6] S. M. S. Reihani, “Processing of Squeeze Cast Al6061–30vol% SiC Composites and Their Characteriza-tion,” Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Azadi Avenue, Tehran, 2004.
[7] K. Soma Raju, V. V. Bhanu Prasad, G. B. Rodrakshi and N. Ojha, “PM Processing of Al–Al2O3 Composites and Their Characterization,” Powder Metallurgy, Vol. 46, No. 3, 2003, pp. 219-223.
[8] B. Hwu, S. Lin and M. Jahn, “Effect of Process Parameters on the Properties of Squeeze Cast SiCp-6061 Al Metal Matrix Composite,” Material Science Engineering A, Vol. 207, 1996, pp. 135-141.
[9] M. Gupta and M. K. Surappa, “Effect of Weight Percentage of SiC Particles on the Ageing Behavior of Al 6061/ SiC Metal Matrix Composites,” Journal Material Science, Vol. 14, 1995, p. 283.
[10] H. Ahlatci, E. Candan and H. Cimenoglu, “Abrasive Wear Behavior and Mechanical Properties of Al–Si/SiC Composites,” Istanbul Technical University, Maslak, Division of Metal Casting, Zonguldak, 2004.
[11] M. A. Martinez, A. Martin and J. Llorca, Metallurgica Scripta et Materialia, Vol. 28, 1993, pp. 207-212.
[12] Y. Chen and D. D. L. Chung, Journal Material Science, Vol. 29, 1994, pp. 6069-6075.
[13] V. V. Bhanuprasad, M. A. Staley, P. Ramakrishna and Y. R. Mahajan, Key Engineering Materials, 1995, pp. 104- 107, 495-506.
[14] B. Ogel and R. Gurbuz, “Microstructural Characterization and Tensile Properties of Hot Pressed Al–SiC Composites Prepared from Pure Al and Cu Powders,” 2000.
[15] R. U. Vaidya and K. K. Chawla, In: K. Upadhya, Ed., Developments in Ceramic and Metal Matrix Composites, ASM International, Metals Park, 1991, p. 253.
[16] J. J. Lewandowski and C. Liu, In: P. Kumar, Ed., “Processing and Properties for Powder Metallurgy Compo-sites,” 1988, p. 117.
[17] W. C. Harrigan, Journal of Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. A244, 1998, p. 75.
[18] N.-P. Cheng, S.-M. Zheng, W.-B. Yu, Z.-Y. Liu, Z.-Q. Chen, “De-formation Behavior of SiC Particle Reinforced A1 Matrix Composites Based on EMA Model,” Changsha, Chongqing, 2006.
[19] J.-Z. Fan and J.-M. Shang, “The Spatial Distribution of Reinforcements in Aluminum Matrix Composites,” Acta Metall Sinica, Vol. 34, No. 11, 1998, pp. 1199-1204.
[20] G.-K. He and Q. Han, “Influence of Inclusion’s Orientation and Spatial Distribution on Elastic-Plastic Properties of Composites,” Journal of Beijing Institute Technology, Vol. 19, No. 5, 1999, pp. 554-559.
[21] K. S. See, “The Effects of the Disposition of SiC Particles on the Forgeability and Mechanical Properties of Co-Sprayed Aluminium-Based MMCs,” BI5 2TT, 1995.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.