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Cardiac Surgery in Octogenarians and Beyond: Single Center Experience

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DOI: 10.4236/ojts.2013.32011    2,424 Downloads   3,971 Views  

ABSTRACT

Background: Increasing numbers of octogenarians and improvements in surgical techniques and postoperative care have resulted in increasing cardiac operations in this age. The aim is to analyze our experience of cardiac surgery on octogenarians and beyond concerning postoperative morbidities and mortality. Methods: 67 octogenarians and nonagenarians underwent open heart surgery in our hospital between 2001 to 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Data included baseline preoperative status, intraoperative and perioperative course, and immediate outcomes. Results: The mean age was 86.22 ± 6.1 years. 86.6% patients were males. Symptoms were dyspnea; Class II in 13.4%, Class III in 55.2%, Class IV in 31.4% patients; angina in 82.1%, and CHF in 25.4% patients. The mean EF was 37.8% ± 10. Risk factors include smoking in 52.2%, DM in 37.3%, hypertension in 28.4%, obesity in 25.4%, previous MI in 22.4%, COPD in 17.9%, renal insufficiency in 11.9%, pulmonary hypertension in 7.5%, PVD in 6%, and cerebrovascular disease in 3% patients. The procedures were isolated CABG in 73%, AVR in 9%, MVR in 6%, CABG/valve in 9%, and MVR and AVR in 3% patients. Complications were 18%. It included renal impairment in 18%, arrhythmias in 14.9%, bleeding in 6%, prolonged ventilation in 13.4%, CHF in 4.5%, gastrointestinal bleeding in 4.5%, wound infection in 7.5%, and cerebrovascular accident in 3%. Hospital mortality was 9% patients. Conclusions: Cardiac surgery can be performed safely with acceptable hospital morbidity and mortality in octogenarians and beyond. Early referral and proper selection of patients are mandatory to improve immediate postoperative survival.

 

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

R. Al-Refaie, H. Aliter, R. Gallo, A. Youssef, M. Al-Murayeh and E. Ravikumar, "Cardiac Surgery in Octogenarians and Beyond: Single Center Experience," Open Journal of Thoracic Surgery, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2013, pp. 51-56. doi: 10.4236/ojts.2013.32011.

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