A Biosecure Composting System for Tilletia controversa Kühn-Infected Wheat Waste


Tilletia controversa Kühn (TCK) has strong infectivity and viability and may cause great cut hazard to wheat and other crops. Composting treatment of TCK-infected wheat waste may be an effective method to eliminate the further contamination. This study applied microbial fermentation composting technique using mixed crop straws and manure to establish a bio-friendly composting method. The change of physicochemical properties of the compost was monitored regularly to detect the time course of TCK degradation and confirm the inactivation of TCK germination activity. The results of regular sampling indicate that the germination rate of TCK declines with the composting progress, and composting ten days under the condition of 50 to 60 completely inactivates the germination ability of TCK. Thus the present study provides a bio-friendly composting method for degrading TCK-infected wheat crops under TCK outbreak.

Share and Cite:

J. Cao, D. Cao, Y. Xu and L. Jin, "A Biosecure Composting System for Tilletia controversa Kühn-Infected Wheat Waste," Advances in Microbiology, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2013, pp. 133-137. doi: 10.4236/aim.2013.32021.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] X. Ju, “The Inspection and Quarantine Animal and Plant,” China Light Industry Press, Beijing, 2008.
[2] W. Yao, Z. Zhang and G. Huang, “Wheat Dwarf Bunt Disease,” China Agriculture Press, Beijing, 2002.
[3] T. L. Morel, F. Colin and J. C. Germon, “Methods for the Evaluation of the Maturity of Municipal Refuse Compost,” In: T. K. R. Gasser, Composting of Agriculture and Other Wastes, Elsevier Applied Science, London, 1985, pp. 56-72.
[4] J. Peng, C. Zhang, Y. Xu and Z. An, “The Inactivating Effect of γ-Ray on Tilletia controversa Kühn,” Plant Quarantine, Vol. 8, No. 3, 1994, pp. 154-156.
[5] Z. Sun, Z. Ma, H. Wang, L. Liu, J. Feng and G. Zhang, “Scanning Electron Microscopy Observation of the Effect of Plasma Treatment on Tilletia controversa Kühn,” Plant Pathology, Vol. 38, No. 2, 2008, pp. 208-210.
[6] J. Borsa, J. W. Sitton, T. R. Schultzt and J. D. Maguire, “Electron Beam Irradiation Effects on Wheat Quality, Seed Vigor, and Viability and Pathogenicity of Teliospores of Tilletia controversa and T. tritici,” Plant Disease, Vol. 79, No. 6, 1995, pp. 586-589. doi:10.1094/PD-79-0586
[7] Z. Liang, Y. Guo, B. Zhu and G. Lu, “Study of the Ethylene Oxide Fumigation of Tilletia controversa Kühn,” Acta Phytophylacica Sinica, Vol. 16, No. 4, 1995, pp. 586-589.
[8] Q. Huang, X. Lou, Y. Liu, J. Luo and J. Gao, “Study of the Inactivation of Tilletia controversa Kühn by Methyl Bromide and Its Mixture,” Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2008, pp. 71-76.
[9] Y. Zuo, “Study of the Thermal Sterilization of Tilletia controversa Kühn,” Journal of Beijing University of Agricultural, Vol. 9, No. 2, 1994, pp. 20-24.
[10] G. Zeng, G. Huang and X.Yuan, “The Environmental Biology and Control of Compost,” Science Press, Beijing, 2006.
[11] D. A. Senne, B. Panigrahy and R. L. Morgan, “Effect of Composting Poultry Carcasses on Survival of Exotic Avian Viruses: Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus and Adenovirus of Egg Drop Syndrome-76,” Avian Disease, Vol. 38, No. 4, 1994, pp. 733-737. doi:10.2307/1592108
[12] X. Jiang, J. Morgan and M.P. Doyle, “Fate of Escherichia coli O157:H7 during Composting of Bovine Manure in a Laboratory-Scale Bioreactor,” Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 66, No. 1, 1995, pp. 25-30.
[13] J. Garcia-Siera, D. W. Rozeboom, B. E. Straw, B. J. Tracker, L. M. Granger, P. J. Fedorka-Cray and J. T. Gray, “Studies on Survival of Pseudorabies Virus, Actinobacillus Pleuropneumoniae and Salmonella Serovar Choleraesuis in Composted Swine Carcasses,” Journal of Swine Health and Production, Vol. 9, No. 5, 2001, pp. 225-231.
[14] W. Xu, T. Reuter, G. D. Inglis, F. J. Larney, T. W. Alexander, J. Guan, K. Stanford, Y. Xu and T. A. McAllister, “A Biosecure Composting System for Disposal of Cattle Carcasses and Manure Following Infectious Disease Outbreak,” Journal of Environmental Quality, Vol. 38, No. 2, 2009, pp. 437-450. doi:10.2134/jeq2008.0168
[15] A. E. Ghaly, F. Alkoaik and A. Snow, “Effective Thermophilic Composting of Crop Residues for Inactivation of Tobacco Mosaic Virus,” American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol. 2, No. 3, 2006, pp. 111-118. doi:10.3844/ajbbsp.2006.111.118
[16] F. Suárez-Eatrella, M. C. Vargas-García, M. A. Elorrieta, M. J. Lopez and J. Moreno, “Temperature Effect on Fusarium Oxysporum f.sp. Melonis Survival during Horticultural Waste Composting,” Journal of Applied Microbiology, Vol. 94, No. 4, 2003, pp. 475-482. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2672.2003.01854.x
[17] T. Reuter, T. W. Alexander, W. Xu, K. Stanford and T. A. McAllister, “Biodegradation of Genetically Modified Seeds and Plant Tissues during Composting” Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 90, No. 4, 2010, pp. 650-657.

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.