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Cellulosic ethanol and its co-products from different substrates, pretreatments, microorganisms and bioprocesses: A review

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DOI: 10.4236/ns.2013.55077    5,261 Downloads   8,335 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Cellulosic ethanol involves the following production steps: physical and/or chemical pretreatment, biological treatment, fermentation and distillation. First three steps are also the bottlenecks for the production of cellulosic ethanol and its co-products. Their production still pose some difficulties in terms of pretreatment, the high cost of enzymes for substrate hydrolysis, the formation of inhibitory compounds in the hydrolyzate, the lack of efficient and viable microorganisms for industrial fermentation of hexose and pentose among others. The solution or minimization of these difficulties may lead to numerous socio-environmental, political, and economic advantages for cellulosic ethanol production. This paper highlights the potential of different substrates, pretreatments, microorganisms and bioprocesses for cellulosic ethanol production.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Gonçalves, F. , Sanjinez-Argandona, E. and Fonseca, G. (2013) Cellulosic ethanol and its co-products from different substrates, pretreatments, microorganisms and bioprocesses: A review. Natural Science, 5, 624-630. doi: 10.4236/ns.2013.55077.

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