Coupled Vibration Analysis of Vehicle-Bridge System Based on Multi-Boby Dynamics


For establishing the refined numerical simulation model for coupled vibration between vehicle and bridge, the refined three-dimensional vehicle model is setup by multi-body system dynamics method, and finite element method of dynamic model is adopted to model the bridge. Taking Yujiang River Bridge on Nanning-Guangzhou railway line in China as study background, the refined numerical simulation model of whole vehicle and whole bridge system for coupled vibration analysis is set up. The dynamic analysis model of the cable-stayed bridge is established by finite element method, and the natural vibration properties of the bridge are analyzed. The German ICE Electric Multiple Unit (EMU) train refined three-dimensional space vehicle model is set up by multi-system dynamics software SIMPACK, and the multiple non-linear properties are considered. The space vibration responses are calculated by co-simulation based on multi-body system dynamics and finite element method when the ICE EMU train passes the long span cable-stayed bridge at different speeds. In order to test if the bridge has the sufficient lateral or vertical rigidity and the operation stability is fine. The calculation results show: The operation safety can be guaranteed, and comfort index is “excellent”. The bridge has sufficient rigidity, and vibration is in good condition.

Share and Cite:

D. Shan, S. Cui and Z. Huang, "Coupled Vibration Analysis of Vehicle-Bridge System Based on Multi-Boby Dynamics," Journal of Transportation Technologies, Vol. 3 No. 2A, 2013, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.4236/jtts.2013.32A001.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] W. H. Guo, X. R. Guo and Q. Y. Zeng, “Vibration Analy sis of Train-Bridge System for Cable-Stayed Bridge Scheme of Nanjing Yangtse Bridge on Beijing-Shanghai High Speed Railway [J],” China Civil Engineering Journal, Vol. 32, No. 3, 1999, pp. 23-26.
[2] X. Z. Li and S. Z. Qiang, “Vehicle-Bridge Dynamic Analysis for Long Span Highway and Railway Bi-Purpose Cable-Stayed Bridge [J],” Journal of Vibration and Shock, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2003, pp. 6-26.
[3] Z. S. Chen and C. G. Wang, “Railway Vehicle Dynamoics and Control [M],” China Railway Press, Beijing, 2004.
[4] B. R. Miu, W. H. Zhang, S. N. Xiao, et al., “Car-Body Fatigue Life Simulation Based on Multi-Body Dynamics and FEM [J],” Journal of the China Railway Society, Vol. 29, No. 4, 2007, pp. 38-42.
[5] S. Dietz, G. Hippmann and G. Schupp, “Interaction of Vehicles and Flexible Tracks by Co-Simulation of Multi Body Vehicle Systems and Finite Element Track Models [J],” Vehicle System Dynamics Supplement, Vol. 37, 2003, pp. 372-384.
[6] S. G. Cui, “Refined Simulation Research of Vehicle-Bridge Coupled Vibration Based on the Multi-Body System Dynamics and Finite Element Method [D],” Southwest Jiao tong University, Chengdu, 2009.
[7] S. G. Cui, B. Zhu and Z. T. Huang, “Comparative Analysis of Different Wheel/Rail Contact Models in Vehicle and Bridge Coupled Vibration [J],” Chinese Journal of Applied Mechanics, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2010, pp. 63-67.
[8] J. J. Kalker, “A Fast Algorithm for the Simplified Theory of Rolling Contact,” Vehicle System Dynamics, Vol. 11, No. 1, 1982, pp. 1-13. doi:10.1080/00423118208968684

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.